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Housing right and land regulation : the city of Porto Velho, Ro Brazil.

Eduardo, Juliana Terra Paula

Housing right and land regulation : the city of Porto Velho, Ro Brazil.

Rel. Alfredo Mela. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea specialistica in Pianificazione Territoriale, Urbanistica E Ambientale, 2010

Abstract:

The following study concerns research about socio-economic stratification, inequality and the political dimensions of urban development effecting under-privileged and under-represented community groups in urban planning practice the focus of the research analyzed aspects of the Land Regularization Program in the city of Porto Velho, in the Brazilian Amazon. The goal of the Land Regularization Program has adopted some of the ideas of De Soto instigating the public debate on urban policy and equitable urban development, by means of land tenure. This research conducts a study of the production of urban space through, first, a statistical analysis of demographics and history of development in Porto Velho, based on existent documentation and maps. This is followed by, second, both a discussion of the goals and methods of the Land Regularization Program in Porto Velho, and then qualitative research based in 30 in-depth interviews of beneficiates of the program who gained property rights but adopted practices undermining the goal that land tenure in the program was to afford for sustainable economic and environmental city development. The information collected provokes a discussion between top-down and bottom-up planning processes, participatory methods, citizen inclusion and advantageous existing community practices excluded from the planning process, and the responsibility of urban planning practices to allow the urban poor the right to the city, democracy in planning, and city administration that engages its residents in forging inclusive and sustainable urban development.

Relatori: Alfredo Mela
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GD Estero
R Restauro > RC Restauro urbano
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea specialistica in Pianificazione Territoriale, Urbanistica E Ambientale
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/1811
Capitoli:

Acknowledgements

Abstract

List of Figures

List of Graphics

List of Tables

List of Abreviations

INTRODUCTION

1 PART: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK _ A REALITY OUTSIDE THE FRAMEWORK OF PLANNING

1.1. CONTEMPORARY URBAN PLANNING CHALLENGES

1.2. UNEQUAL URBANIZATION IN BRAZIL

1.3. HOUSING RIGHTS: THE URBAN REFORM

1.4. LAND REGULARIZATION

1.5. PORTO VELHO: A PORTRAIT OF PLANNING IN BRAZIL

2 PART: CASE FOCUS _ PORTO VELHO -THE NECESSITY OF HOUSING

2.1. SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF PORTO VELHO'S RESIDENTS

2.2. MAPPING AND ANALYSIS OF (IR)REGULARITY OF LOTS

2.3. VACANT LOTS

2.4. SYNTHESIS OF HOUSING IN THE CITY

2.5.HOUSING DEFICIT

2.6. INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES

27. PROGRAMS AND HOUSING PROJECTS

2.8. URBAN LEGISLATION IN FORCE

2.9. THE LAND REGULARIZATION PROGRAM

3 PART: QUALITATIVE RESEARCH - MULTIPLE-CASE STUDIES

3.1. EXPLORATORY PHASE

3.2.THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND RESEARCH

3.3. METHODOLOGY

3.4. ADDRESSING THE RESEARCH: INSIGHTS FROM THE LITERATURE AND RESULTS OF THE STUDY

3.5. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

CONCLUSION

DESIGN PROPOSAL

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

APPENDIX A: INTERVIEWS SUMMARY INDEX AND NOTES

APPENDIX B: INTERVIEW PROTOCOL

APPENDIX C: MAPS

Transportation System

Vacant Lots

Zonning

Green Spaces

Heavy Traffic

IPTU

Corridors

Area of Influence of Public Schools (State)

Area of Influence of Public Schools (Municipal)

Area of Influence of Public Health Center

Area of Influence of Public Hospitals

Drainage

Sewer System

Water Distribution

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Nota alle Immagini:

Figure 1 Map of the Land Regularization Program in Brazil

Figure 2 Map Porto Velho's Location in Latin America

Figure 3 [A] and [B] Show the Urban Area in 1910; [C]the Urban Area in 2009

Figure 4 Map of the Study Zones

Figure 5 Nacional Neighborhood

Figure 6 Nacional Neighborhood

Figure 7 Aerial View of Zone 2

Figure 8 Aerial View Nova Porto Velho

Figure g Aerial View of Zone 3

Figure 10 Jatuarana Avenue

Figure 11 Amazonas Avenue

Figure 12 Joao Street

Figure 13 Unpaved Road

Figure 14 Igarape in Nova Esperaca

Figure 15 Quantitative Deficit Components

Figure 16 Qualitative Deficit Components

Figure 1.7 Municipality of Porto Velho

Figure 18 Area A

Figure 19 Urban Development Model

Figure 20 Interviews location

Figure 21 Space-participation Model

Tavole:

Table1 Socio- Economic Aspects per Neighborhood of Porto Velho

Table 2 Regular Lots

Table 3 Quadro consolidado of irregular and clandestine settlements in Porto Velho

Table 4 Irregularity of Lots by Title

Table 5 Occupation in Areas with enviromental risk by zone

Table 6 Total irregular occupation in Porto Velho

Table 7 Title and documentation of the vacant urban areas

Table 8 Vacant and low-density urban lots

Table 9 Stimated Population

Table 10 Housing Deficit Comparison

Table 11 Housing Projects in the City of Porto Velho

Table 12 Federal Housing Programs

Table 13 Quantitative Results of the Land Regularization Program of Porto Velho

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