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Experimental methods for measuring the mechanical properties of soft tissues under large deformations

Nicola Bottasso

Experimental methods for measuring the mechanical properties of soft tissues under large deformations.

Rel. Luigi Preziosi. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Biomedica, 2020

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Abstract:

The work is focused on the elastic properties of soft tissues, as the brain. Agar gels are tested through a rheometer: in particular cylindrical samples of different diameters undergo a torsion test, obtaining torque and normal force required to twist the samples at constant rotation velocity. These constitutive parameters are useful in order to determine the constitutive model for better fitting experimental data. The gels are modelled with Mooney-Rivlin equations, highlighting the presence of a positive Poynting effect, i.e. they expands in the direction perpendicular to the plane of twisting. Once Mooney-Rivlin parameters (shear modulus µ and C2) are figured out, they are used to implement a Finite Element simulation in Abaqus and then experimental, theoretical and numerical data are compared. The final goal of this research is the development of a FE model able to analyse more complex deformations with high accuracy and improve the knowledge about the Traumatic Brain Injury, an underestimated pathology affecting a large part of the population.

Relators: Luigi Preziosi
Academic year: 2019/20
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 73
Subjects:
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Biomedica
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-21 - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: NUI Galway
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/14104
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