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3D modeling of architectural elements using photogrammetric approach : examples from traditional architecture in Bali

Castorello, Enrico

3D modeling of architectural elements using photogrammetric approach : examples from traditional architecture in Bali.

Rel. Filiberto Chiarabrando, Massimiliano Lo Turco, Peter Ferschin. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017

Abstract:

Traditional architectures in Bali are designed according to ancient rules based on philosophical and building tradition. These rules have a connection with the religious belief system and are originated from the body dimensions of the building leader. A parameterization of these rules in a digital tool, creating a shape grammar workflow, allows to protect this intangible heritage and to obtain automatically generated designs that can be adapted for contemporary use cases. Digital photogrammetry permits an easier generation of three dimensional textured models that could be used in BIM platforms for historical buildings. In this project photogrammetry will be used to create a library of building components such as base and stem columns, roofs, statues, entrances, etc. This library should be used for various three-dimensional modelling environments and, in this project, applied to modelling of traditional Balinese residences with contemporary procedural environments that allow the integration into BIM software. Although BIM is a wide-spread technology inside contemporary architectural design little research is related to methodologies in the cultural heritage domain. This combination of three-dimensional digital survey and parametric modelling can be used to archive and explain design principles of architectural heritage. The aim of this thesis is to discover a possible strategy of protecting architectural design principles that can be adapted to different cultural regions.

KEYWORDS - Photogrammetric survey; traditional architecture in Bali; architectural heritage; parametric model; building information modelling.

Relatori: Filiberto Chiarabrando, Massimiliano Lo Turco, Peter Ferschin
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: D Disegno industriale e arti applicate > DH Disegno
U Urbanistica > UD GIS
U Urbanistica > UM Tutela dei beni paesaggistici
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6300
Capitoli:

Abstract

1. Introduction

2. Traditional Balinese architectures

2.1 Architectural rules and architects

2.2 Village layout

2.3 Materials

2.4 Rituals

2.5 Decorations

3. 3. Photogrammetry: historical overview

3.1 From digital photogrammetry to SFM

3.2 Photogrammetry overview

3.3 Photogrammetry strategies

3.4 Equipments

3.5 Three dimensional modelling: process steps

3.6 Results

4. BIM

4.1 Historic BIM model

4.2 Parametric objects

4.3 Workflow between photogrammetry and BIM platform

5. Conclusions and future developments

6. Appendix

6.1 Dictionary

6.2 Models

7. Bibliography

Bibliografia:

_Articles_

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_Books_

• Aranha J. L., 1991, A comparison of traditional settlements in Nepal and Bali, JSTOR

• Budihardjo E., 1986, Architectural conservation in Bali, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press

• Colwell R. N., 1997, Manual of Photographic Interpretation, American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing

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• Kersten J., 1978, Kamus kecil bahasa Bali, Singaraja

• Le Corbusier, 2004, Le Modulor, Gabriele Capelli Editore, Mendrisio, Svizzera

• Lo Turco M., 2015, BIM and infographic representation in the construction process. A decade of research and applications, Ariccia, Aracne.

• Luhmann T., Robson S., Kyle S., Boehm S., 2014, Close range photogrammetry and 3D imaging, Berlin, De Gruyter

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• Thompson M., 1963, Manual of Photogrammetry, Virginia, American Society for Photogrammetry

• Conference papers

• Achille C., Lombardini N., 2015, BIM and cultural heritage: compatibility tests in an archaeological site, BIM conference 2015

• Ferschin P., Di Angelo M., Paskaleva G., Parametric Balinese rumah procedural modeling of traditional Balinese Architecture, Digital Heritage International Congress (DigitalHeritage)

• Garcia-Valldecabres J., Pellicer E., Jordanpalomar I., 2016, BIM scientific literature review for existing buildings and theoretical method: proposal for heritage data management using HBIM, Construction Research Congress 2016

• Simeone D., Carrara G., Toldo I., Cursi S., 2014, BIM and Knowledge Management for Building Heritage, ACADIA 14: Design Agency (Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer)

• Spodek J. C., Harrison C. K., 2017, Cloud based 3D digital photogrammetry Pertev Pasa Mosque (Izmit, Turkey)

• Posters

• Spencer A. R. T., Strullu-Derrien C., 2017, Photogrammetry: preserving for future generations an important fossil site situated in Maine-et-Loire (France)

_Sitography_

• HARPACEAS, www.harpaceas.it, 07-12-2017

• National BIM Standard-United State Project Committees (NBIMS-US), www.nationalbimstandard.org, 07-12-2017

• Thesis

• Boccanegra V., 2012, Rilievo fotogrammetrico dinamico di ammassi granulari - indagine sperimentale, Master thesis in Technique Geology, University of Padova

• Girelli V. A., 2007, Tecniche digitali per il rilievo, la modellazione tridimensionale e la rappresentazione nel campo dei beni culturali, Ph.D thesis in Geodetics and Topographical Sciences, University of Bologna

• Meli P., 2014, La ricostruzione 3D in ambito archeologico e possibile utilizzo nel campo delle infrastrutture stradali: analisi delle potenzialità delle tecniche image-based, Ph.D thesis in Road Infrastructure Engineering, University of Palermo

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