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Design and energy simulation of a pre-school building in the Sverdlovsk region

Maria Kuznetsova

Design and energy simulation of a pre-school building in the Sverdlovsk region.

Rel. Alessandro Rizzo. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Restauro E Valorizzazione Del Patrimonio, 2017


In this thesis, we design a two-story 3700 m2 pre-school building located in the Sverdlovsk region in Russia, and we develop a full energetic simulation model for this building. The model includes details on construction materials, selected according to current regulations for energy saving, occupation schedules, weather data for the region, lighting, equipment and other loads definitions, ventilation, HVAC operation, heating and cooling set-point schedules, etc. The energy model is developed in the OpenStudio/EnergyPlus software environment, and the results of the computer simulation over one year of operation are reported. Also, parametric analysis is performed to evaluate the impact of some design alternatives on the energy consumption.

Relators: Alessandro Rizzo
Publication type: Printed
Subjects: A Architettura > AD Green architecture
A Architettura > AL Buildings and equipment for education, scientific research, information
A Architettura > AO Design
S Scienze e Scienze Applicate > SG Fisica
S Scienze e Scienze Applicate > SH Fisica tecnica
T Tecnica e tecnologia delle costruzioni > TE Tecnologia dei materiali
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Restauro E Valorizzazione Del Patrimonio
Classe di laurea: UNSPECIFIED
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6262

1. Introduction, goals and structure of the thesis

1.1 Social function of Russian pre-school

1.1.1 The situation for the Sverdlovsk region

1.1.2 Education facilities and their development in Ekaterinburg

1.2 Climate of the Sverdlovsk region

1.3 Energy regulations

1.4 Goals

2. Thesis outline

3. Masterplan and Design

3.1 Choice of location

3.1.1 Sizing the building according to regulations

3.1.2 Regulations

3.1.3 Sizing

3.2 Architectural design

3.2.1 Floor plans and interior spaces

3.3 Thermal characteristics

3.3.1 Choice of materials

3.3.2 Regulations

3.4 Ventilation

3.5 Water use

4. The OpenStudio and EnergyPlus simulation environments

4.1 EnergyPlus

4.2 OpenStudio

4.3 OpenStudio overview: a simple example

4.3.1 Definition of the template

4.3.2 Geometry of the building

4.3.3 Building partition: space types and thermal zones

4.3.4 Materials and constructions

4.3.5 Loads and schedules

4.3.6 Air loops and plant loops

4.3.7 Weather data

5. The Pre-School Energy Model

4.1 Description of the model

4.1.1 Preschool partition: space types and thermal zones

4.1.2 Materials and constructions

Loads and schedules

6. Plant loop and plumbing fixtures


8. Weather data

4.1.3 Simulations on Nominal Model

4.1.3 Results overview

4.1.3 Indoor air temperatures

4.1.4 Parametric Analysis

4.1.4 Impact of orientation

4.1.4 Impact of insulation

4.1.4 Impact of thermostat set points

4.1.5 Conclusions


A Materials reference


1. SNiP 2.04.01-85. Internal water supply and sewerage systems of buildings. October 1985.

2. SNiP 23-01-99. Construction climatology. January 2000.

3. SNiP 23-02-2003. Thermal protection of buildings. 2004.

4. GOST 30494-2011. Residential and public buildings, the indoor microclimate parameters. December 2011.

5. Robert H. Henninger, Michael J. Witte, and Drury B. Crawley. Analytical and comparative testing of EnergyPlus using IEA HVAC BestTest el00-e200 test suite. August 2004.

6. Presidential Decree No. 1351 of 09/10/2007. Demographic policy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025.

7. Federal Law No. FZ-261 of 23/11/2009. On energy saving and on improving energy efficiency and on introducing amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation. November 2009.

8. Decree of President of the Russian Federation No. 599 of 07/05/2012. On measures to implement state policy in the field of education and science. May 2012.

9. Resolution of the Administration of the City of Ekaterinburg No. 1850 of 20/05/2013. On the rational and effective use of the limits for the consumption of energy resources by municipal institutions of the municipal entity City of Yekaterinburg. May 2013.

10. Decree of the Administration of the City of Ekaterinburg No. 3800 of 15/12/2014. Development of a network of pre-school educational institutions in the municipality of Yekaterinburg for 2015-2017. December 2014.

11. Resolution of the Chief State Sanitary Officer of the Russian Federation No. 91 of 22/07/2010. About the approval of sanpin regulation of the Russian Federation number Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for arrangement, maintenance and organization of the operating mode in pre-school organizations. July 2010.

Design and Energy Simulation of a Russian Pre-School Building

12. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 61 of 07/02/2011. About the federal special-purpose program for the development of education for 2011-2015. February 2011.

13. Resolution of the Government of the Sverdlovsk Region No. 1330-PP of 29/10/2013. On the approval of the state program of the Sverdlovsk region “development of housing and communal services and improving energy efficiency in the Sverdlovsk region until 2020”. November 2013.

14. Resolution of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation No. 88 of 21/04/1993. On approval of the norms for determining the number of personnel engaged in the maintenance of preschool institutions (nurseries, nursery- gardens). May 1993.

15. Government of the Russian Federation No. 1270-R of 24/09/2001. Demographic development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2015.

16. Reference, information portal “Weather, and climate”. Ekaterinburg, 2017.

17. N. Wiltse, D. Madden, and B. Valentine. Energy efficiency of public buildings in Alaska: Metrics and analysis. November 2014.

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