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Research on the humanization design of high-speed railway station waiting space

Chen, Yu

Research on the humanization design of high-speed railway station waiting space.

Rel. Mauro Berta. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017

Abstract:

With high-speed railway becoming an important vehicle in modern society, numbers of railway stations are being built in all around cities of China, paying attention to efficiency while neglecting detailed and humanization design. As the most important space of all interior parts of the station, waiting space owns many inhumanization design problems, bringing lots of troubles to travelers. However, there is rare relevant standard specification of railway station detailed design in China now. Since we are pursuing high- quality and people-oriented life, we are supposed to have humanized railway stations. This thesis is based on the above phenomenon.

Firstly, the author chooses several typical high-speed railway stations of different scales in China to do case study as well as site research. Through photography and observation, the author finds many problems of existing waiting space and analyses the causes to the problems.

Secondly, while studying in Europe for the double-degree, the author got the chance to learn the history of Europe railway station development since 1830s and also visited dozens of urban railway stations, finding both merits and defects of waiting space design to learn from.

Then, based on both internal and external experience, together with the results of all site surveys, interviews and questionnaires, the author analyzes Chinese traveling needs, including behavior needs and psychological needs.

Finally, the thesis brings forward some key points and principles of waiting space design for a humanized railway station, and also forecasts the future development trend.

The thesis is expected to be a guide manual for railway station design or reconstruction, serving for special groups of travelers and ultimately creating a humanized urban public space.

Relatori: Mauro Berta
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AN Opere di ingegneria civile, trasporti, comunicazioni
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6162
Capitoli:

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

1.1.1 High-speed railway station is one of the most important urban public spaces, in a huge construction demand.

1.1.2 High-speed railway station owns lots of differences compared with traditional railway station.

1.1.3 Waiting space is the most important space of all the interior parts of a railway station, whose humanization design should be paid attention.

1.1.4 There exist many inhumane design problems of Chinese high-speed railway station waiting space.

1.1.5 There is rare relevant standard specification of railway station humanization design in China.

1.2 Research Scope and Glossaries

1.3 Existent Research Overview

1.4 Content, Purpose and Significance of Research

1.5 Method and Framework of Research

2 PRESENT SITUATION AND PROBLEMS OF CHINESE RAILWAY STATION WAITING SPACE DESIGN

2.1 Site Research on Present Situation of Chinese High-Speed Railway Station Waiting Space

2.1.1 Research overview

2.1.2 (Super) Large scale high-speed railway station waiting space

2.1.3 Medium-Small scale high-speed railway station waiting space

2.2 Problems of Different Function Zones in High-Speed Railway Station Waiting Space

2.2.1 Resting area

2.2.2 Inner-Transportation area

2.2.3 Ticket Checking area

2.2.4 Service area

2.2.5 Commercial area

2.2.6 Cloak area

2.3 Summary of Existing Problems of High-Speed Railway Station Waiting Space

2.3.1 Deficient consideration of different groups of users

2.3.2 Design not based on users’ needs

2.3.3 Deficient consideration of users’ psychological needs

2.3.4 No personalized features

2.4 Summary

3 PRESENT SITUATION OF EUROPEAN RAILWAY STATION WAITING SPACE DESIGN

3.1 General Development History and Main Features of European Railway Station Waiting Space

3.1.1 Development history

3.1.2 Layout and features

3.2 Site Research on Present Situation of European Railway Station Waiting Space

3.2.1 Research overview of 13 stations

3.2.2 Case study _ Rotterdam central railway station

3.3 Main Problems of European Railway Station Waiting Space and their Revelations

3.3.1 No deep design consideration

3.3.2 Focus on one aspect but lose another

3.3.3 Revelations on our railway station design

3.4 Humanization Design Experience of European Railway Station Waiting Space

3.4.1 General design for special people

3.4.2 Detailed design based on users’ needs

3.4.3 Environmental design based on users’ psychological needs

3.4.4 Energy efficient design

3.5 Summary

4 USERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND NEEDS OF CHINESE HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY STATION WAITING SPACE

4.1 Users’ Characteristics

4.1.1 Basic characters and travel habits

4.1.2 Characteristics of using waiting space

4.2 Physical Needs of Users in Railway Station Waiting Space

4.2.1 Interior transportation

4.2.2 Deposit

4.2.3 Waiting

4.2.4 Shopping

4.2.5 Toileting

4.2.6 Ticket checking

4.3 Psychological Needs of Users in Railway Station Waiting Space

4.3.1 Psychological feelings with crowd rushes

4.3.2 Space perception under unfamiliar environment

4.3.3 Anxiety and fatigue while traveling

4.4 Summary

5 PRINCIPLES AND KEY POINTS ON HUMANIZATION DESIGN OF CHINESE HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY STATION WAITING SPACE

5.1 Developing Tendency

5.1.1 Speediness

5.1.2 Urbanism

5.1.3 Greening

5.2 Humanization Design Principles of High-Speed Railway Station Waiting Space

5.2.1 Choosing reasonable location based on station scale and process of taking rail

5.2.2 Detailing layout following principle of perfection and flexibility

5.2.3 Improving facilities and equipment according to epochal progress

5.2.4 Considering different groups of users to fit for special needs

5.2.5 Beautifying waiting environment to relieve passengers

5.3 Key Points on Humanization Design of Different Zones in High-Speed Railway Station Waiting Space

5.3.1 Resting area

5.3.2 Inner-Transportation area

5.3.3 Ticket Checking area

5.3.4 Service area

5.3.5 Commercial area

5.3.6 Cloak area

5.4 Summary

Bibliografia:

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