Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Urban rooftop farming : sustainability, practices and stakeholder perception on case studies in Europe (Torino, Paris, Rotterdam)

Alliaj, Jonida

Urban rooftop farming : sustainability, practices and stakeholder perception on case studies in Europe (Torino, Paris, Rotterdam).

Rel. Roberto Albano, Alfredo Mela, Emanuela Saporito. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile, 2017


The thesis focuses on rooftop farms as innovative tools to create social impact and sustainability in urban areas and describes results form a qualitative investigation of 3 case studies in Europe that answer two main research questions: 1. Which are the local practices and policies developed by these 3 municipalities for the implementation of rooftop gardens and how has actually been the process of realization of these projects? 2. Who are the stakeholders and groups of interest around these topics, which is their perception about the sustainability of rooftop farming and what impact have actually had rooftop community gardens in their social lives? As the results reveal, the situation in these 3 cities in Europe is very different, as OrtiAlti is the first project of its kind in Turin, realized recently, in May 2016, and faced difficulties in front of the absent strategies and policies of the city, whereas Paris is in a midway situation, having a considered number of rooftop farms and recent policies and strategies to increase their number; and Dakakker is a consolidated project with an established community and supported from the beginning by the local government, through an innovative process of multi stakeholder participation.

Relatori: Roberto Albano, Alfredo Mela, Emanuela Saporito
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6154

0 Preface

0.1 Motivations and assumptions

0.2 Research objectives

0.3 Methodology

0.4 Bibliographic research on Rooftop Farming

0.5 Qualitative investigation on case studies

0.6 Outline of the thesis

1 From evolution to innovation

1.1 The new urban agenda - from development to wellbeing

1.2 The innovation

1.3 The social innovation

1.4 The introduction of rooftop farming in the contemporary city

1.5 The green movement

1.6 Urban agriculture: From greening to farming

1.7 From the ground to the roofs

1.8 Rooftop farming typologies

1.9 Typologies according to the spaces and technology

1.10 Typologies according to the purpose of project

2 Rooftop gardens: Innovative tools for sustainability.

2.1 Social dimension

2.2 Food production social benefits

2.3 Social issues of green infrastructures for urban regeneration

2.4 Benefits

2.5 Limits

2.6 Community empowerment and well - being

2.7 Empowerment

2.8 Education

2.9 Well - being

2.10 Confrontation of empirical studies on community gardening

2.11 Environmental issues

2.12 Green building

2.13 Urban microclimate

2.14 Resource management and biodiversity

2.15 Environmental issues related to food production and distribution

2.16 Economic issues of rooftop farming

2.17 Rooftop gardens for production

2.18 Rooftop gardens for image return

2.19 Rooftop gardens that increase the real estate value

3 Urban policies and strategies on urban rooftop farming

3.1 Worldwide cases of strategies for simplifying the process of implementation of rooftop gardens

3.2 Policies and strategies at global level

3.3 Adaption to climate change

3.4 The new urban agenda - Smart cities

3.5 Policies and strategies at local level

3.6 Innovative urban governance

3.7 Multi stakeholder processes

3.8 Shared administration

3.9 Insight from 3 case studies: Urban governance and policies in Torino, Paris and Rotterdam

3.10 Torino

3.11 Urban, social and economic context

3.12 Local policies connected to rooftop farming

3.13 Paris

3.14 Urban, social and economic context

3.15 Local policies connected to rooftop farming

3.16 Rotterdam

3.18 Urban, social and economic context

3.19 Local policies connected to rooftop farming

4 Investigation on processes and stakeholder related to rooftop farming

4.1 Case Studies: The process of implementation of OrtiAlti, Dakakker, Topager

4.2 OrtiAlti Ozanam

4.3 Dakakker

4.4 Vignoles gymnasium community garden

4.5 Process of implementation of rooftop gardens

4.6 Comparison of processes between case study projects

4.7 Stakeholders

4.8 Perception of the stakeholders about rooftop farming sustainability

5 Impact on the community

5.1 The Methodology

5.2 Personal values and motivations of project participants

5.3 Social cohesion

5.4 Social impact and benefits






Gallent, N., & Ciaffi, D. (2016). Community action and planning: Contexts, drivers and outcomes. Policy Press.

Lewis, D. N. (1971). The growth of cities. Wiley-lnterscience.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. MIT Press.

McLennan, J. F. (2004). The Philosophy of Sustainable Design: The Future of Architecture. Ecotone Publishing.

Van der Ryn, S., & Cowan, S. (1995). Ecological Design. New York: Island Press.

Williams, D. E. (2007). Sustainable Design: Ecology, Architecture, and Planning. John Wiley & Sons.

Bell, C, Newby, H, (1976). Community studies: An introduction to the sociology of local community, Allen and Unwin: London.

Bobbio, L, 2004, A Più Voci: Amministrazioni Pubbliche, Imprese, Associazioni e Cittadini nei Processi Decisionali Inclusivi, Rome: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane.

Ciaffi, D, Mela, A, 2011, Urbanistica Partecipata, Rome: Carocci.

Cremaschi, M, (2008) Tracce di Quartieri: Il Legame Sociale nella Citte the Cambia, Milan: FrancoAngeli.

Armstrong, D. (2000). A survey of community gardens in upstate New York: Implications for health promotion and community development. Health & place, 6(4), 319-327.

Brown, K. H., & Jameton, A. L. (2000). Public health implications of urban agriculture. Journal of public health policy, 21(1), 20-39.

Wakefield, S., Yeudall, F., Taron, C., Reynolds, J., & Skinner, A. (2007). Growing urban health: community gardening in South-East Toronto. Health promotion international, 22(2), 92-101.

Sanyé-Mengual, E., Anguelovski, I., Oliver-Solà, J., Montero, J. I., & Rieradevall, J. (2014) When the perception and development of Urban Rooftop Farming depend on how Urban Agriculture is defined: Examining diverging stakeholders' experiences and views in Barcelona, Spain.

DESPOMMIER Dl. (2013) Farming up the city: the rise of urban vertical farm, Trends in Biotechnology, No.7 Vol. 31,

GORGOLEWSKI M.A., KOMISAR JU, NARSR, JO. (2011) Carrot City: Creating Places for Urban Agriculture, New York,Monacelli Press, 240 p.

CASAZZA, C. Urban Agriculture: a strategy for the sustainable city. Looking to methods and tools for the Research in Design and Architectural Technology, 63.

Nienoord, A. W. (2014). Natural dimensions: Cultivation in inner cities. The case of The Hague (Doctoral dissertation, TU Delft, Delft University of Technology).

Roemers, G. (2014). Addressing Diversity in Urban Agriculture: How Picking the Right Policies and Choosing the Correct Locations Can Contribute to Viable Urban Food Systems.

Velazquez, L. S. (2005). Organic green roof architecture: Sustainable design for the new millennium. Environmental quality management, 14(4), 73-85.

Bit, E. (2014). Come costruire la città verde: dalla riqualificazione edilizia all'urban farming. Napoli: Sistemi Editoriali.

Bussolati, M. (2012), "L'orto diffuso - Dai balconi ai giardini comunitari, come cambiare la città coltivandola", Roma, Orme Editori

Caplow, T. (2009), "Building integrated agriculture: Philosophy and practice". Urban Futures 2030, Urban Development and Urban Lifestyles of the Future, pp. 48-51

Corbetta, P. (2015). La ricerca sociale: metodologia e tecniche. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Germer, J. Sauerborn, J. et al., (2011), "Skyfarming an ecological innovation to enhance global food security", J. Verbr. Leb., 6, pp. 237-251

Lehmann, S. (2014). Low carbon districts: Mitigating the urban heat island with green roof infrastructure. City, Culture and Society, 5(1), 1-8.

Mela A., (a cura di), (2014), "La città con-divisa. Lo spazio pubblico a Torino", Franco Angeli, Milano.

Mulgan G. (2006), "The Process of social innovation, in Innovations: technology, Governance, Globaizations", Spring Vol. I, n. 2, pg 145-162

Sanseverino, E. R., Sanseverino, R. R., & Vaccaro, V. (2017). Smart Cities Atlas: Western and Eastern Intelligent Communities. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Sanyé-Mengual, E., Anguelovski, I., Oliver-Solà, J. et al. (2016),"Resolving differing stakeholder perceptions of urban rooftop farming in Mediterrenean cities: promoting food production as a driver of innovative forms of urban agriculture", Agric Hum Values, n 33, issue 1, pp. 101-120

Saporito, E. (2017), "Orti di comunità sui tetti come dispositivi di rigenerazione urbana: policies, best practices e prospettive di attuazione nell'area metropolitana torinese", Master dei Talenti della Società Civile 2015

Specht, K., Siebert, R., Hartmann, I., Freisinger, U. B., Sawicka, M., Werner, A. & Dierich, A. (2014). "Urban agriculture of the future: an overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings". Agriculture and Human Values, 31(1), 33-51

Stevenson, G.W., Ruhf, K., Lezberg, S., and Clancy, K. (2007), "Warrior, builder, and weaver work. Strategies for changing the food system", in C.C. Hinrichs and T.A. Ly- son (eds). "Remaking the North America Food System. Strategies for Sustainability.", University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London, UK. p. 33-62.

Thomaier S, Specht K, Henckel D, et al. (2015), "Farming in and on urban buildings: Present practice and specific novelties of Zero-Acreage Farming (ZFarming)", in Re¬new Agric Food Syst 30, pp 43-54.

Modifica (riservato agli operatori) Modifica (riservato agli operatori)