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Collective housing : social housing for the town of Quíbor

Florido Coloma, Veronica

Collective housing : social housing for the town of Quíbor.

Rel. Gustavo Ambrosini, Cristobal Mendoza. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017

Abstract:

Venezuela is currently undergoing a generalized crisis, where poverty is considered one of its most serious problems. The figures indicate that in recent years, there has been a considerable increase in the number of families suffering from it. This is reflected primarily in the type of dwellings they inhabit, either because of the conditions or the state of the houses, the improvisation when building them or simply by its non-existence.

Motivated mainly by this problem, arises the idea of proposing a housing solution in a very affected area: the city of Quibor, Venezuela. Therefore, it is considered to create a set of social housing, to solve the precarious conditions in which many inhabitants live, trying to locate them in areas where there are possibilities of work for them and providing them with housing that meets the minimum conditions all citizens have the right to enjoy.

To achieve this goal, a study is carried out first on the characteristics of the city: it was determined that one of its main economic activities is the artisanal, and its main source of income is the artisanal market located in "La Ceiba Sur". An urban analysis of this sector was performed and the main needs were identified, obtaining as a relevant result of the study the determination of a significant deficit in the supply of housing, adequate spaces in the local market, public spaces and buildings of social and cultural interest. To complement the study, social housing cases in Venezuela were analyzed and buildings facing similar climates (tropical), as well as colonial architecture, predominant in the area.

Based on this study, it is proposed a master plan in the sector "La Ceiba Sur" which seeks to solve these needs: a pedestrian axis that integrates the market area with the rest of the sector and creates a network of public spaces with the existing ones, accompanying this axis are located market stalls and workshops that generate new employment opportunities, a residential set of social housing, a sports park, and a cultural center. The final result reflects the developed social housing project and the design strategies used to accomplish it.

Relatori: Gustavo Ambrosini, Cristobal Mendoza
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AO Progettazione
G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GD Estero
SS Scienze Sociali ed economiche > SSG Sociologia
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6031
Capitoli:

INDICE

1.QUIBOR

1.1.Jimenez Municipality

1.2.Location History of Quibor

1.3.Morphology of the land

1.4.Economy

1.5.Yacambu-Quibor irrigation system

2.URBAN ANALISYS

2.1.Jimenez 2020

2.1.1.Zoning - intentions

2.2.La Ceiba Sur - Site conditions

2.2.1.Mobility

2.2.2.Green areas and vegetation

2.2.3.Buildings' heights

2.2.4.Density

2.2.5.Use of the land

2.3.Artisanal market

2.4.Site elevations

3.NEEDS AND GOALS- LA CEIBA SECTOR

3.1.Identification of the main needs

3.1.1.Housing

3.1.2.Market

3.1.3.Cultural and social interests

3.1.4.Public spaces

3.2.Goals and aims

4.SOCIAL HOUSING IN VENEZUELA

4.1.Definition

4.2.History in Venezuela

4.3.Curent situation

4.4.Case studies "Gran misión vivienda Venezuela"

5. CASE STUDIES

5.1.Altolar - Walter J. Alcock

5.2.Tropical house - Camarim Architects

5.3.Colonial Architecture

6.MASTER PLAN

6.1.Intentions

7.ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT

7.1.Project site

7.2.Design strategies

7.3.Uses and flows

7.4.Structural scheme

7.5."Social housing for Quibor" project

8.BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bibliografia:

BIBLIOGRAFIA

DELGADO, "M. Memoria y lugar. El espacio público como crisis de significado." Ediciones Generales de la Construcción. Valencia, 2001

SOSA, M.; SIEM G. "Manual de diseño para edificaciones energéticamente eficientes." IDEC, 2004

EDITOR A. Alcock, Works and projects. 1992

NIÑO ARAQUE, W. "Dos décadas y un ejemplo en la arquitectura venezolana: El concepto del lugar". Encuentros, 1988

ALCALDIA DEL MUNICIPIO LIBERTADOR. "Misión vivienda Venezuela" GEHL, 2011

GUITIÁN D.; HERNÁNDEZ B. "Arquitectura moderna y políticas de vivienda en Venezuela. Del interés social al bajo costo". Artículo de la revista Tecnología y construcción 26 II, 2010.

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