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La capacità di purificazione dell'aria delle specie vegetali in ambienti indoor : aspetti teorici e metodologici

Melissari, Matteo

La capacità di purificazione dell'aria delle specie vegetali in ambienti indoor : aspetti teorici e metodologici.

Rel. Elena Piera Montacchini, Roberto Giordano. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile, 2017

Questa è la versione più aggiornata di questo documento.

Abstract:

PREMESSA

Il presente documento riunisce una serie di studi che indicano l'influenza delle attività, dei materiali, delle destinazioni d'uso di edifici in relazione agli inquinanti dell'aria interna come C02 e livelli di VOC.

Nel corso di ogni intervento edilizio su cui interviene, la figura dell'architetto si occupa della scelta dei materiali da costruzione e seleziona un processo costruttivo piuttosto che un altro. Ha quindi un impatto rilevante sulle condizioni ambientali alle quali saranno esposti gli occupanti dei suoi ambienti progettati.

La volontà del testo è quella di portare maggior rilievo verso la grande importanza della qualità dell'aria, riunendo le conoscenze reperite da svariati ambiti: medico, botanico, fisicotecnico. Per riunirle in un approccio integrato, che abbia come denominatore comune la qualità dell'aria negli ambienti progettati e l'integrazione dei metodi naturali agli impianti di depurazione dell'aria. È stato riscontrato che questo tipo di integrazione si rivela produttiva pervia degli innumerevoli benefici di comfort e di benessere, oltre a fornire elementi di design fin ora poco frequenti.

Vengono presi in considerazione i metodi di integrazione con specie di piante da interni e viene valutato se essi possano avere un riscontro positivo sul bilancio energetico dell'edificio diminuendo la richiesta di energia elettrica e riducendo la spesa dovuta al mantenimento delle unità trattamento aria.

Relatori: Elena Piera Montacchini, Roberto Giordano
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AB Architettura degli interni
T Tecnica e tecnologia delle costruzioni > TE Tecnologia dei materiali
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/5859
Capitoli:

INDICE

Titolo

Premessa

Introduzione

La sindrome da edificio malato SBS

I PARTE

1.Gli inquinanti

1.1.Classificazione inquinanti

1.2.I VOC

1.3.L'Anidride carbonica

1.4.Normative in Europa

1.5.Gli enti di certificazione ambientali e di sostenibilità

2.Gli inquinanti per tipologia edilizia

2.1.Le tipologie edilizie

2.2.Scuole

2.2.1.Studio: Scuola, Finlandia, Kuplo

2.2.2.Studio: Scuola, Serbia, Beograd

2.2.3.Studio: Scuola, Italia, Padova

2.3.Palestre

2.3.1.Studio: Palestre, Portogallo, Portuellano

2.4.Ospedale

2.4.1.Studio: Ospedale, Taiwan, Taipel

2.5.Residenze

2.5.1.Studio: Residenza, Korea, Yong-ln

2.5.2.Studio: Residenza, Cina, Beijing

2.5.3.Studio: Residenza, Giappone, Shizuoka

2.5.4.Studio: Residenze, Spagna, Portuellano

2.4.6 Studio: Residenza, Francia, Parigi

2.6.Uffici

2.6.1.Studio: Ufficio, Braunschweig, Germany

2.6.2.Studio: Uffici, Germania, Leipzig

2.7.Hotel

2.7.1.Studio: Hotel, Cina, Guangdong

2.8.Riepilogo dati

II PARTE

3.Ricerca di soluzioni sostenibili

3.1.L’uso consapevole delle piante

3.1.1.La biofiltrazione attiva dell’aria degli ambienti interni

3.1.2.Importanza dei batteri

4.Metodi e tecniche di integrazione delle piante in architettura

4.1.1.Tetto Giardino

4.1.2.Doppia pelle con verde integrato

4.1.3.Pareti Verdi

4.1.4.Parete verde attiva

4.1.5.Le piante in vaso

4.2.Esempio significativo

5.Benefici del verde indoor

5.1.Salute e confort degli occupanti

5.2.Benefici economici

5.3.Benefici energetici

III PARTE

STRUMENTI PER IL PROGETTO

6.Prontuario piante

1.Fittonia verschaffeltii

2.Hemigraphus alternata

3.Dracaena fragrans

4.Sanseveria trifasciata

5.Chlorophytum comosum

6.Anthurium

7.Dieffenbachia seguine

8.Philodendron scandens

9.Epipremnum aureum

10.Spathiphyllum wallisii

11.Syngonium podophyllum

12.Schefflera arboricola

13.Schefflera elegantissima

14.Hedera helix

15.Polyscias fruticosa

16.Hoya carnosa variegata

17.Guzmania

18.Codiaeum variegatum

19.Pelargonium graveolens

20.Asparagus densiflorus

21.Aspidistra elatior

22.Calathea rosea pietà

23.Maranta leuconeura

24.Ficus benjamina

25.Ficus elastica

26.Howea belmoreana

27.Peperomia dusiifolia

7.Software di calcolo

7.1.Introduzione

7.2.Guida all'uso del foglio di calcolo

7.2.1.Parte Prima - Informazioni relative all'edificio in questione

7.2.2.Parte Seconda - Valori intermedi

7.2.3.Parte Terza - Scelta specie di piante

7.2.4.Parte Quarta - Risultati

8.Considerazioni finali, limiti riscontrati, spunti futuri

8.1.Il software di calcolo

8.2.LIVING WALL SYSTEM, calcolo del metodo attivo di purificazione

9.Bibliografia

9.1.BIBLIOGRAFIA - PRIMA PARTE

9.2.BIBLIOGRAFIA - SECONDA PARTE

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