polito.it
Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Ōpunsupēsu kudasai! = Open space please! : itinerary in Komagome, a neighborhood in Tokyo : urban regeneration and participatory processes

Giovannetti, Noemi

Ōpunsupēsu kudasai! = Open space please! : itinerary in Komagome, a neighborhood in Tokyo : urban regeneration and participatory processes.

Rel. Lorena Alessio, Francesca Governa, Takashi Ariga. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2016

Questa è la versione più aggiornata di questo documento.

Abstract:

I had no expectations about what I would find in Japan. I had no imageries, prejudices or stereotypes about Japan: I have never been very cognizant of Japanese culture; therefore I had to outline a country by scratch. From the very beginning, getting into the airplane, something was different. For the first moment, I felt myself strange: my seatmate wore a mouth-mask and he had personal small slippers, as many in the plane. For twelve-hour flight we never said a word, not even a knowing look. The Japanese respect for the silence is the first cultural element I learned. Getting out from the airport, Japan impetuously slapped me: everything was different, from the drive lane, to the food, and from the fashion tendency to the body language.

The image of Tokyo transmitted in Europe is completely different from the one you have living there. Thanks to the experience of participation to the professor Ariga Laboratory on Urban Planning, I discovered a dimension impossible to realize as a tourist. Behind the static and imposing skyscrapers, just at the shadows of these, Tokyo shelters a vibrant core of small traditional neighborhoods, and Komagome is part of those.

Again, as in the plan, the first element that caught me was the silence. Getting out from the metro station, dipping inside the neighborhood, the calmness and the poise pervading the streets made me falling in love of this "village". I started to spend as much time as 1 could in Komagome, discovering the habits of people, its hidden spaces, its colors and its perfumes. I was not really able to believe the human scale, the silence, the overspread plants and greens I had in front of my eyes. Especially thinking that five-minute far by metro there was Ikkebukuro, one of the neuralgic and most chaotic centers of Tokyo, and probably of the world.

My task in the Ariga Laboratory experience was to study public space with the aim of their possible regeneration. I was really enthusiastic about that topic. Hence I started to analyze the topic, clearly having my European cultural background. Little by little, going deeper in the analysis of the neighborhood public spaces and trying to extrapolate

the meaning of "public spaces" from the point of view of Komagome' people, I discovered that it was not possible to apply my background, grounded of European experiences, to a completely different model in term of way of thinking and living. The participatory processes played a fundamental role in the uprooting my background: listening to the needs expressed by the residents, taking part of the community workshops and working with my Japanese colleagues, brought me to a new and different perspective, where the Community needs were highlighted. What is a public space without a community, its value, its individual and collective needs? Is it possible to develop an idea of public space independently from the needs of the community? What the role of planners in offering a

top down supply of public spaces, for instance for the main infrastructure, and what the role of bottom-up processes based on the emerging needs of the community? Are those two dimensions linked or in contrast? What is the role of the architect in this complexity? How practically to define a guideline for planning public space in Komagome taking into consideration both the dimensions? The first one, for instance, coming by the necessity of respecting the national low on safety (top-down), and the second one rooted in the valorization of individual and community needs of the population?

Therefore, my research is not only an analysis of the small neighborhood of Komagome, but it is also a personal itinerary, as individual, and especially as a future architect.

Relatori: Lorena Alessio, Francesca Governa, Takashi Ariga
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
U Urbanistica > UM Tutela dei beni paesaggistici
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: Waseda University - Department of Architecture - Japan
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/4762
Capitoli:

0.INTRODUCTION

1.KOMAGOME: A CHANGING NEIGHBORHOOD IN TOKYO

a.A brief introduction: Komagome in Tokyo

b.Historical overview

c.Urban quality and safety: plot fragmentation, natural catastrophes, ageing population, risk of speculation

2.DISCOVERING AND THINKING ABOUT PUBLIC SPACES - COMMUNITY SPACE STARTING FROM KOMAGOME

a. Introduction: task in the working team on the public space

b. Getting out from the station: the memorial plaza

c.Crossing the street: the temples

d. Dipping in the neighborhood: the roads

e. Ending in the middle: the parks

f. Extra: discovering hybrid spaces

3.THE MACHIZUKURI: PARTICIPATORY DESIGN OF ARIGA LABORATORY

a.Introduction: the Ariga Lab's role

b.Machizukuri: participatory workshops in reshaping neighborhoods

c.Main Workshops report

4.CONCLUSIONS

a.Outlined guidelines for future development of Komagome

b.General conclusions

5.BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bibliografia:

Amin, A. and Thrift, N., 2002. Cities: Reimagining the Urban. Cambridge: Polity Ashihara, Y., 1983. The aesthetic townscape. England: The MIT Press Ashihara, Y., 1986. The Hidden Order. Japan: Kodansha International Ltd.

Ashihara, Y., 1998. The aesthetics of Tokyo: Chaos and Order. Japan: Ichigaya Publications Barthes, R., 1984. L 'impero Dei Segni. Torino: Einaudi

Baum, R., 2010. Public spaces in japan, the rise of civic space. iCon ezine for architecture, culture and media. Research in Japan #1 [online] No 2. February 8, 2010. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3985042/public_space_injapan_the_rise_of_civic_space

Beard, A., 2001. Urban Design in Japan, rudi.net [online].

Available at: < http://www.rudi.net/books/12240

Bognar, B., 2013. Japan Architectural Guide. Berlin: DOM publishers

Boontharm, D. and Radovic, D., 2012. Small Tokyo. Tokyo: Flick Studio

Brasor, P. and Tsubuku, M., 2014. Inheritance tax in Japan may not be the burden you imagined. The JapanTimes [online] October 3, Last modified on October 3.

Available at: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2014/10/03/how-tos/inheritance- tax-in-japan-may-not-be-the-burden-you-imagined/#.V3mX-PmLTDc

Brasor, P. and Tsubuku, M., 2015. Roppongi Hills: controversial blueprint for Tokyo's new breed of high-rise - a history of cities in 50 buildings, day 38. The Guardian [online] Monday 18 May, Last modified on Tuesday 2 June 201515.02 BST. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/ may/18/roppongi-hills-tokyo-controversial-new-high-rise-history-of-cities-50-buildings-day-38

Brasor, P. and Tsubuku, M., 2016. Getting a high rise out of dodging taxes. The JapanTimes [online] January 2, Last modified on January 2. Available at: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/ community/2016/0 l/02/how-tos/getting-high-rise-dodging-taxes/#.V3mYhPmLTDc

Brumann, C. and Schulz, E., 2012. Urban Spaces in Japan:

Cultural and Social Perspectives. London: Routledge

Caballero, J.A. and Yoshiharu T., 2006. Tokyo Public Space Networks at the Intersection of the Commercial and the Domestic Realms Study on Dividual Space.

Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering JJABE 5.2. pp. 301 -08

Caballero, J.A. and Yoshiharu T., 2006. Tokyo Public Space Networks at the Intersection of the Commercial and the Domestic Realms Study on Dividual Space.

Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering JJABE 5.2. pp. 301-08

Chris H., 2012. Public Space in Japan: A Catalog of Typologies and Brief Discussion of the Role of Public Space. Program for sustainable planning and development. Scribd. [online]

Nov 28, 2012. Available at: https://www.scribd.com/doc/114794881/Public-Space-in- Japan-A-Catalog-of-Typologies-and-Brief-Discussion-of-the-Role-of-Public-Space

Cybriwky R. A., 2011. Roppongi Crossing: The Demise of a Tokyo Nightclub District and the reshaping of a global city. Georgia: University of Georgia Press Athens

Dimmer, C., 2012. Re-imagining public space: The vicissitudes of Japan's privately owned public spaces. In: Brumann, C. and Evelyn S., eds., 2012. Urban Spaces in Japan: Cultural and Social Perspectives. London: Routledge

Dimmer, C., Yoshihiko, B. and Yen-hsing, H., 2013. Privately Owned Public Space: The International Perspective ^ üîü Psi £ pHt £7) ^ $lj £ Îif

tz fa fjÜ). SUR - Sustainable Urban Regeneration, Volume 25. Available at: https://www. academia.edu/2538313/Privately_Owned_Public_Space_The_Intemational_Perspective

Ebersole, G. 2006. Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices.

Editor: Thomas Riggs. Vol. 1: Religions and Denominations, Detroit: Gale.

Available at: http://www.omnilogos.com/2014/ll/shinto.html

Funck, C., 2007. Machizukuri, civil society, and the transformation of Japanese city planning. Cases from Kobe. In: Sorensen, A., Funck, C. eds. 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens Movements, Machizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge. pp. 137-156

Graafland, A., 2000. The Socius of Architecture: Amsterdam,

Tokyo, New York. Publisher: books.google.com

Graafland, A., 2013. Public Space Tokyo. Lecture at Hong Kong University, 24 October 2013. https://www.academia.edu/4863368/Public_Space_Tokyo

Hall, E. T., 1968. La Dimensione Nascosta. Milano: Bompiani

Hashimoto, S., 2007. Neighborhood Associations and machizukuri processes. Strengths and weaknesses. In: Sorensen, A. and Funck, C., eds., 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens Movements, Machizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge. pp. 224-246

Hein, C., 2001. Toshikeikaku and Machizukuri in Japanese Urban Planning - the Reconstruction of Inner City Neighborhoods in Kobe. Jahrbuch des DIJ (Deutsches Institut fur Japanstudien), no. 13. Pp. 221-52.

Hirose, M., 2015. Drum Gate ofNew Kanazawa Station. Motenashi Dome waiting for Hokuriku's Shinkansen debut. JapanTravel [online] Mar 4, 2015 http:// en.japan travel.com/ishikawa/drum-gate-of-new-kanazawa-station/18971

Ito, A., 2007. Earthquake reconstruction machizukuri and citizen participation. In:

Sorensen, A. and Funck, C., eds., 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens Movements, Machizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge. pp. 158-171

Jinnai, H., 2010. Strategie di analisi dell'eredità storica urbana a Tokyo. In: Ricca, L., ed., 2010. Un confronto sulle città storiche tra Italia e Giappone: conservazione e trasformazione. Atti del Convegno Italo-Giapponese, Faculty of Fine Arts, Department of Art History, Tokyo, pp. 83-88 http://www.parol.it/articles/Un_confronto_sulle_citta_storiche_tra_ Italia_e_Giappone_atti_convegno_laura_ricca.pdf

Jinnai, H., 1995. Tokyo: A Spatial Anthropology. Berkeley: U of California

Kaijima, M., Kuroda, J. and Tsukamoto, Y., 2001. Made in Tokyo. Tokyo: Kajima Inst.

Kishii, T., Nikken Sekkei Research Institute, 2015. Tokyo 150 Projects:

Urban Diversity Management. Tokyo: Japan Architect

Kobayashi, M., 2015. Public Space Design with Citizens ' Participation. Creative Collaboration of Citizens, Municipalities, and Specialists in Himeji City. Japan: Seiichi Sawai

Kusakabe, E., 2013. Advancing Sustainable Development at the Local Level: The Case of Machizukuri in Japanese Cities. Progress in Planning 80 ed.2012. pp. 1-65. England:Elsevier Ltd. Available at: www.elsevier.com/locate/pplann

Liotta, S. A., 2012. No piazzas in Japan. Domus [online] Available at: http:// www.domusweb.it/en/architecture/2012/08/29/no-piazzas-in-japan.html

Machimura, T., 1992. The Urban Restructuring Process in Tokyo in the 1980 's: Transforming Tokyo into a World City. Oxford: Blackwell

Mattei, U., 2011. Beni Comuni: Un Manifesto. Roma-Bari: Laterza

Meyer, U., 2011. Architectural Guide Tokyo. Berlin: DOM publishers

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Suzuki, T., 2015. Urban Redevelopment to Unlock Potential through Intensive Land Use. Joint Develomnet for intensive land use. In: Kishii, T., ed. Nikken Sekkei Research Institute. 2015.

Tokyo 150 Projects: Urban Diversity Management. Tokyo: Japan Architect

Nagayama, Y., 2015. Hiroba beyond Space. In: Kengo, K. and Jinnai, H., eds., 2015.

Hiroba: All about Public Spaces in Japan. Tokyo: Tankosha. pp. 145-157.

Odonera, Y. 2015. Restoration of new public spaces. In: Kengo, K. and Jinnai, H., ed.

2015. Hiroba: All about Public Spaces in Japan. Tokyo: Tankosha. pp. 145-157.

Pelletier, P., 2012. Atlas DuJapon. Après Fukushima, une société fragilisé. Paris: Éd. Autrement

Philippe Bonnin P . and Nishida M., 2006. Regards japonais sur l'espace domestique parisien, EspacesTemps.net [online] 12 Juin. Available at: http://www.espacestemps. net/articles/regards-japonais-sur-espace-domestique-parisien/?output=pdf

Radovic, D. and Boontharm, D., 2014. Toshi No Shitsu O Sagashite: Jiyuogaoka Kuhonbutsugawa Ryokudoo Hyakkei = In the Search of Urban Quality: 100 Maps of Kuhonbutsugawa Street, Jiyugaoka. Tokyo: Flick Studio

Radovic, D., Jager, H. and Beyerle, A. 2008. Another Tokyo: Nezu and Yanaka, Places and Practices of Urban Resistance. Tokyo: Centre for Sustainable Urban Regeneration, U of Tokyo

Sacchi, L., 2004. Tokyo: City and Architecture. New York: Universe

Sorensen A., 2001. Urban Planning and Civil Society in Japan: Japanese urban planning development during the 'Taisho Democracy' period (1905-31). Planning Perspectives. Vol. 16 No. 4 pp. 383-406

Sorensen A., 2002. The Making of Urban Japan: Cities and planning from Edo to the twenty-first century. London: Routledge

Sorensen A., 2007. Changing Governance of Shared Spaces: Machizukuri in historical institutional perspective. In: Sorensen A. and Funck C., eds., 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens' movements, community building, and local environments. London: Routledge pp. 56-90

Sorensen A. and Funck, C., 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Introduction. In

Sorensen, A., Funck, C. eds. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens ' movements, community building, and local environments. London: Routledge pp. 1-36

Sorensen, A. and Funck, C. (eds.) 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens'

Movements, Machizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge

Sorensen, A., Koizumi, H. and Miyamoto, A., 2008. Maehizukuri, Civil Society, and Community Space in Japan. In: Amrita Daniere and Mike Douglass, eds., 2008. Community and the City in Asia. London: Routledge

Statistics Bureau Japan, 2014. Current Population Estimates

as of October 1, 2014. Japan: Statistics Bureau

Taylor, P.H., and Braibanti, J.D.R., 1948. Administration of Occupied

Areas; a Study Guide. Syracuse: Syracuse Un.

Waley, P., 1991. Tokyo: City of Stories. New York: Weatherhill

Waley, P., 1992. Fragments of a City: A Tokyo Anthology. Tokyo: Japan Times

Watanabe, S.J., 2012. The historical analysis of the 'Kunitachi Maehizukuri Movement': its nature and the role of professor Shiro Masuda. In: IPHS (International Planning History Society), 15th Cities, nations and regions in planning history. Sao Paulo, Brazil, 15-18 July 2012. Sao Paulo, Brazil

Watanabe, S.J., 2007. Toshi Keikaku vs maehizukuri. Emerging paradigm of civil society in Japan, 1950-1980. In: Sorensen, A. and Funck, C. eds., 2007. Living Cities in Japan: Citizens Movements, Maehizukuri and Local Environments. London: Routledge. pp. 39-55.

Woodend, L. 2013. A study into the practice of Maehizukuri (community building) in Japan. [Microsoft Word] England: RTPI mediation of space - making of place. Available at: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/media/665448/Japanreportl.docx [September2013]

Yoshimura, Y., 2015. Super Legal Buildings. In: E. Gardner, C. Fruneaux, ed.

2015. Tokyo Totem. A guide to Tokyo. Japan: Flick Studio, pp. 188-195

Modifica (riservato agli operatori) Modifica (riservato agli operatori)