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Diver-cidade : another approach for the urbanization of brazilian "informal settlements".

Cuatto, Chiara

Diver-cidade : another approach for the urbanization of brazilian "informal settlements".

Rel. Riccardo Balbo, Alfredo Mela, Carolina Pacchi, Silvia Mikami Pina. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2016

Questa è la versione più aggiornata di questo documento.

Abstract:

Some time ago, I went through a student crisis; perceiving that what I have been studied for over three years seemed to be useless and designated only to some rich and powerful 1% of the population. With this perspective in mind, there was also the undeniable fact that to be such a professional for the 1%, the pos¬ture to adopt was not the purest. Accordingly the rest 99% looked to me that was perfectly able to solve their problems even, and some¬times better, without architects thinking for them.

After 4 years of University I was questioning the role of the architect and its relevance, I was sure that it was a dead occupation.

Then I came to Brazil. Main reason: to see how people without urban planners, engineers’ structures and architects' design, deals with cities. And, differently from what western thoughts would suggest, cities works anyway.

After the first months of adapting and learning the language I started perceiving the real nature of the problems of a continuously colonized country. I started seeing the social injustices going on every day and I started realize how much Europe, in some way very different, could learn from those places.

What impressed me the most was the different meaning we give to common words, the meaning of the words is not something imposed, universal, it is dynamic, it changes. It changes accordingly to the culture, the society, the problems, the politics and the politicians. If words change so much, the rest of the elements composing our everyday life can just change as much. This shift in mean¬ings was essential to me, and it is something very often unseen by the people that should deal with it, that should deal with differences and people. Architects as one of them.

So what initially seemed to me ugly, unbelievably messy and chaotic, drastically changed perspective. I saw' beauty where I was not trained to see it, I saw humanity in places you do not expect to find.

Far from being romantic, I just abandoned my western European interpretative filters to observe before judging, and to focus back the lenses on people.

What we usually call minorities arc, most of the time, the weak majorities. I want to focus on these majorities.

Relatori: Riccardo Balbo, Alfredo Mela, Carolina Pacchi, Silvia Mikami Pina
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AO Progettazione
G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GD Estero
SS Scienze Sociali ed economiche > SSF Scienze sociali
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: Unicamp - Universidade Estadual de Campinas
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/4600
Capitoli:

0.INTRODUCTION

1.ENLARGING THE PERSPECTIVE. GLOBAL TRENDS

General framework

Contemporary society as «corporative society»

Mass culture and propaganda as tools to naturalize concepts and shape cities

Fortified cities

Are we living a new totalitarianism?

The right to work is a fundamental right

2.CORNERSTONES

A possible system glitch and the common attitude

Problem setting vs. Problem solving

Urbanization vs. Removals

Participatory Design

Case Studies

3. BRAZIL

North Influence on Southern Countries

Why Brazil?

Brazilian Urbanization from 1940 onward

4.CAMPINAS

Where and what does it represent for the region?

Campinas in Pictures

Campinas in timc.LINE

Campinas in MAPS

5.PARQUE OZIEL: THE PROBLEM SETTING

Introduction to the methodology

History and Development of the Parque Oziel

General Overview

Parque Oziel in Pictures

Complexity and Marcotopic Analysis

6.PARQUE OZIEL: ACTION PLAN

Differences with reality, the need of a multidisciplinary team

The actors and the complexity of relations *87 I c. Strategic Masterplan

Participation

Focal Points

Summary of the Actions

7.CONCLUSIONS

8.BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bibliografia:

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Saraceni Kaller, S., 2014, Habitaçâo de interesse social, servindo à comunidade. Instrumento de apoio à processo partecipativo. (TFG diss., UNICAMP, 2014)

VIDEOS

Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi, “Chimamanda Adichie: o perigo de urna única historia” posted by TEDGlobal 2009, Filmed Jul, 2009 http://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story?language=pt-br

Aravena, Alejandro, “Alejandro Aravena: My architectural philosophy? Bring the communi¬ty into the process” Alejandro Aravena posted by TEDGlobal 2014, Filmed Oct, https://www.ted.com/talks/ alejandro_aravena_my_architectural_philosophy_bring_the_community_into_the_process?language=en

Oliver, John “Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: FIFA and the World Cup (HBO),” YouTube video, 12:38, posted by “Last Week Toni with John Oliver” June 8, 2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DlJEt2KU33I

“Nao ao preconceito. “Hoje falo bem alto: moro em Paraisópolis!””, YouTube video, posted by “Rede TVT” Feb 24, 2015, <https://ww youtube.com/watch ?v=phQcjv 11 ro_M>

“Encontro com Milton Santos: O Mundo Global, visto do lado de cá. 2000” YouTube video, 40:40, posted by “crabastos” June 5, 2011, https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=-UUB5DW_mn\l

“Fully printed - a vision for the future of 3D Printing” YouTube Video, posted by “Econolyst”, Dec 18, 2012 <https://www.youtube.coir watch?v=Eppr 1 erkI3A>

“3D printers print ten houses in 24 hours” YouTube Video, posted by “New China TV”, Apr 16, 2014 <https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=SObzNdyRTBs>

“3D Printing from Recycled Ocean Plastic ” YouTube Video, posted by “ThePlasticBank”, May 30, 2014 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAdv-oRtS9Y>

“Velha Nova Jaguare” Vimeo video, 28:52, posted by “INTERMEIOS Fauusp” 2013, <https://vimeo.com/75771527>

SITES

https: //parqueoziel.wordpress.com/historia/ http://cidadesparaquem.org/

http://infohabitar.blogspot.com.br/2007/03/humanizao-do-habitar-algumas-reflexes.html http://www.fespa.com/news/features/what-the-green-climate-fund-ofTers-printers-in-developing-nations.html http://makezine.com/2013/03/25/will-3d-printers-save-the-world/ http://www.re3d.org/ http:/Avww.intermeios.fau.usp.br/

DATA BIBLIOGRAPHY

Plano Municipal de Habitagäo de Campinas 2011. < http://www.campinas.sp.gov.br/governo/habitacao/plano-habitacao.php>

http://mapaservicos.campinas.sp.gov.br/

http: //datafavela.com.br/category/noticias/

http:/ / www.campinas.sp.gov.br/arquivos/seplama/cadsumario.pdf

http://www.campinas.sp.gov.br/governo/seplama/publicacoes/sumario-dados-economicos/indice.php

http: / / mapas.ibge.gov.br/bases-e-referenciais/bases-cartograficas/malhas-digitais

http://www3.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/cadlcm/secrctarias/negocios_juridicos/cadlem/integra.asp?alt=l 3082010P%20003232010SEHAB

PROJECTS REFERENCES

http://www.plancjamento.gov.br/PAC2/2Balanco/docs/2Balanco_Eixo_Minha_Casa_Minha_Vida.pdf http://www.archdaily.com.br/br/755090/residencial-corruiras-boldarini-arquitetura-e-urbanismo http://au.pini.com.br/arquitctura-urbanismo/200/novas-historias-191212-1.aspx http://infracstruturaurbana.pini.com.br/solucocs-tccnicas/25/artigo279341-1.aspx

http://www.clementalchilc.cl/en/proyecto/pres-constitucion-3/

http://www.ofKcemb.ca/work/sam-pam/ http://www.space2place.ca/moody-park-playscape/ http://landscapearchitecturemagazine.Org/pagc/2/

http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2014/01/mill-river-park-and-greenway-by-olin/

http://divisare.com/projects/189485-Alfredo-Vacca-Giovanna-Ferri-Vanessa-Magnanimo-Michele-Carone-Stefano-Serpenti-Alfredo-Magnanimo-Riqualificazione-del-Centro-Storico-di-Triggiano-Ba-

http://divisare.com/projects/268454-Standardarchitecture-Niyang-River-Visitor-Centre

http://www.archdaily.com/563128/zhangjiagang-town-river-reconstruction-botao-landscape/

http://www.archdaily.com/527568/proyecto-de-recuperacion-ambiental-y-puesta-en-valor-del-entorno-de-la-fortaleza-y-playa-fluvial-de-goian-pablo-gallego-picard/

http://www.archdaily.com/461315/children-s-bicentebnnial-park-elemental/ http://divisare.com/projects/255831-Ricardo-Bofill-Taller-de-Arquitectura-Manzanares-Park http://divisare.com/projects/192967-Tatiana-Bilbao-Jard-n-Bot-nico-Culiac-n

http://divisare.com/projects/91531-OAB-Ferrater-Asociados-Josep-Llu-s-Canosa-I-Magret-Isabel-Figueras-Jard-n-Bot-nico-de-Barcelona http://divisare.com/projects/269197-Kavakava-The-Pier

http://wwiv.archdaily.com/557300/mulini-beach-studio-31hd/543dc8b6c07a802a6900022e_muhni-beach-studio-31hd_31hd_171_muli- ni_bcach_photo_by_joao_morgado_014-jpg/

PICTURES BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.campinasvirtual.com.br/galeria_campinas_antigas_2.html

http://perseus.nied.unicamp.br/omeka/items/show/164

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/Panor%C3%A2mica-Campinas-SEjpg

http://www.veritasinvestimentos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/121 l_saopaulo_aerea_9002.jpg

https://thenounproject.com/

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