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Material selection and passive strategies for a low enviromental impact design in Monterreym Mexico

Valle, Carolina

Material selection and passive strategies for a low enviromental impact design in Monterreym Mexico.

Rel. Roberto Giordano, Irene Caltabiano. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile, 2014

Abstract:

One major problematic of housing buildings, existing and new, in the Monterrey Metropolitan Ares (MMA) is the high energy consumption due to the lack of a climate responsive design. This unconsciousness from housing developers that build and offer low cost housing results in dwellings located far away from the metropolitan center due to the low cost of peripheral land as well as their a low standard construction due to poor insulation of the external core. These type of actions cause negative impacts or three aspects: the built environment, the physical environment and society. The thesis project, an ecological housing model, is the proposed solution to reduce the negative impacts of the current housing developments.

The physical and urban environment deteriorate with the increase of peripheral developments as the-y incentivize urban sprawl. Urban sprawl characterizes the growth of the MMA as it has expanded away from its central urban area resulting in low density communities reliant on automobile use, lack of pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods and deficient public transportation, thus having a negative impact on the built environment. Consequently the physical environment is affected negatively in two ways, the first being high C02 emissions from car dependency and from the production of construction materials, and the second in the loss of rural areas as these are changed to urban land. The impacts of these two aspects fall at a social level, the first aspect is walkability as it is disregarded since urban growth focuses on automotive mobility rather than focusing on the pedestrian. The other aspect regards the low standard of the dwelling’s external core, which as it has been stated is deficient due to usage of low quality materials, impacting negatively on the user’s internal thermal comfort and high energy consumption.

Through the implementation of sustainable strategies, a low environmental impact housing model is achievable. The proposed project sets an example, both in design and construction method, of a climate responsive project in the local context.

Relatori: Roberto Giordano, Irene Caltabiano
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AD Bioarchitettura
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/4077
Capitoli:

INDICE

1. INTRODUCTION

2. GOAL, SCOPE APPROACH

3. METHODOLOGY

4. TERRITORIAL FRAMEWORK

- MONTERREY METROPOLITAN AREA

- DEMO GRAPHICAL ASPECTS

Population growth

Population composition

Socioeconomic conditions

Synthesis

- THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Topography

Climative

Precipitation and relative humidity

Wind

Solar radiation

Synthesis

- THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

Urban structure

Land use

Equipment

Road system and mobility

Housing

Construction and demolition waste management

Synthesis

- CEMENT AND CONCRETE INDUSTRY

“Local” and and 'km 0’ concept

Local materials

Local enterprises

Sustainable industry

Normativity for green building

Synthesis

5. PROJECT PROPOSAL POTENTIAL SCENARIOS

- REDUCE-REUSE-REPROGRAM

Local-Reclaim

- URBAN DESIGN

Urban concept

Connectivity network

Landuse structure

Lot of intervention

- PLANS

1.0 ANALYSIS OF NETWORK CONNECTIVITY

1.l. PROPOSAL OF NETWORK CONNECTIVITY

- BUILDING CONCEPT

Microclimate analysis

Monterrey weather conditions

Daylight

Wind

- BUILDING DESIGN

Design intent

Plans

1.2. Site plan

1.3. Ground floor plan

1.4. First floor plan

1.5. Sections and elevations

- TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS

Passive cooling

Natural cross ventilation

Thermal mass cooling

Implementation

Green roofs

Implementation

Passive heating

Implementation

Construction system

Materials

Structure and envelope

Insulation materials

Façade detail

6. CONCLUSION

ANNEX A_ Material database

Bibliografia:

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BOOKS

- Aksamija, Ajla. Sustainable Facades Design Methods for High-Performance Building Envelopes. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013

- Bomee, Jung. Sustainable Construction in Mexican Housing Markets. Thesis. MIT, September 2007

- Calkins, Meg. Materials for Sustainable Sites: A Complete Guide to the Evaluation, Selection, and Use of Sustainable Construction Materials. New Jersey: John Wiley & sons, Inc., 2009

- Faresin, Anna. Architettura in calcestruzzo: soluzioni innovative e sostenibilità. Milan, Italy: UTET, 2012

- Gaspari, Trabucco and Zannoni. Involucro edilizio e aspetti di sostenitibilita. Milan, Italy: Franco Angeli S.R.L., 2010

- Givoni, Baruch. Passive and low energy cooling of buildings. USA: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1994

- Guajardo, Alicia. Análisis Estratégico del Área Metropolitana de Monterrey: Un Diagnòstico para el Desarrollo. México: Centro de Estudios Estratégicos, Centro de Desarrollo Estratégico Metropolitano, 2002

- King, Jimmie L. La Arquitectura Vemacula del Norest de Mexico. University of Monterrey

- Sanchez, Javier. Vivienda Social: factores que influyen en la producción de vivienda en Mexico. Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte Emisión 2008, August 2009 - July 2010

- Schwalbach, Gerrits. Urban Analysis. Basel: Birkhauser, 2009

- Steuteville and Langdon. New Urbanism Best Practices Guide. New Urban News Publications, fourth edition

THESIS

- Mostafa, Amira. Low energy cooling in multi-story buildings for hot, arid climates. Thesis. MIT, June 1989

- Ramírez, José Manuel. Guia para el manejo de residuos solidos generados en la industria de la construcción

- Thesis. Universidad de las Américas Puebla, 2007

- Tamez, Antonio. Arquitectura del Centro de Monterrey 1950-2000: su evolución en la relación a nuevas centralidades urbanas. Thesis. Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, 2008

WEBSYTIS

- Saelens, Brian and Handy, Susan. "Built Environment Correlates of Walking: A Review”. NIH-PA author manuscript. July 2008. 16 July 2014. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2921187/#R32

- "Planos del Estado de Nuevo León". Colección Digital UANL. 9 november 2013. http://cdigital.dgb.uanl.mx/la/1080048648/1080048648.html

- Implanc Monterrey Plan de desarrollo urbano del municipio de Monterrey 2013-2025.

INEGI. Estadísticas a propòsito de la industria del cemento: 2013.

- Gobierno Municipal de Monterrey. Plan de Desarrollo Urbano del Municipio de Monterrey 2010-2020. Gaceta Municipal.

- http://www.unep.org/geo/geo3/english/045.htm

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