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Design of Culture Substrates for microRNA-mediated Direct Reprogramming of Fibroblasts into Cardiomyocytes

Alessia Toccaceli

Design of Culture Substrates for microRNA-mediated Direct Reprogramming of Fibroblasts into Cardiomyocytes.

Rel. Valeria Chiono, Camilla Paoletti. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Biomedica, 2023


MicroRNA-mediated direct cardiac reprogramming is an emerging strategy to regenerate damaged heart tissue, after myocardial infarction (MI), by directly converting endogenous cardiac fibroblasts into induced cardiomyocyte (iCM)-like cells. Since it has been observed that reprogramming was more efficient in vivo than in vitro, a strong focus has been placed on investigating the endogenous environment of the heart. This thesis project was carry out as part of BIORECAR project, and aimed to investigate how cardiac ECM proteins can affect cell reprogramming efficiency and which biological processes they induce, by exploiting different culture substrates for miRNA transfected cells. The main objective of the study was to identify which ECM proteins has the potential to boost or hinder the direct cardiac reprogramming, while investigating the molecular mechanisms that come into play. Thus, different biological and molecular characterization have been performed to evaluate how proteins regulate the transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblast into CMs-like phenotype and which signaling pathways are involved. Finally, this thesis work was a first step to further investigate the role of extracellular microenvironment and the intracellular signaling pathway responsible for changes in the direct reprogramming efficiency. This thesis work was part of the research activity within the European Research Council (ERC) BIORECAR project (grant agreement No. 772168, V.C., www.biorecar.polito.it).

Relators: Valeria Chiono, Camilla Paoletti
Academic year: 2022/23
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 66
Additional Information: Tesi secretata. Fulltext non presente
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Biomedica
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-21 - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: Politecnico di Torino
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/27845
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