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Characterization and modeling of alkaline electrolyzers for hydrogen production

Andrea Pancotto

Characterization and modeling of alkaline electrolyzers for hydrogen production.

Rel. Massimo Santarelli, Mika Järvinen. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare, 2021

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This master thesis proposes a model of an alkaline electrolysis plant. The aim is to determine the performance of a complete hydrogen production system at different working conditions. An explanation and characterization of the fundamental aspects of water electrolysis is carried out and a modeling approach is proposed for the interpretation of the system. Semi-empirical equations are used for describing the polarization behaviour, the Faraday efficiency and the gas purity variation with the current. The required parameters are calculated with a retrofitting procedure on Matlab, on the basis of experimental data. The electrolyzer stack block is defined in Aspen Custom Modeler and exported to Aspen Plus, where it is implemented in the complete plant. An original approach is used considering the process of salt dissociation in ions. A parametric study is conducted showing that the system efficiency could benefit from an increase of stack temperature and decrease of operational pressure. The hydrogen flow rate demonstrated to be sensible to both the thermodynamic quantities. The temperature showed to increase the electricity conversion into useful energy for the process, reducing the production of excessive heat. Further improvements could be carried out in the future accounting for drying and purification unit for the hydrogen.

Relators: Massimo Santarelli, Mika Järvinen
Academic year: 2021/22
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 90
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-30 - ENERGY AND NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
Ente in cotutela: Aalto University (FINLANDIA)
Aziende collaboratrici: Aalto University
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/20874
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