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THE HONG KONG - SHENZHEN MEGALOPOLIS : THE LOK HA CHAU LOOP DEVELOPHENT

Gkoliaris, Panagiotis

THE HONG KONG - SHENZHEN MEGALOPOLIS : THE LOK HA CHAU LOOP DEVELOPHENT.

Rel. Cesare Griffa, Subhash Mukerjee. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura, 2009

Questa è la versione più aggiornata di questo documento.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION

This research is an effort of understanding the dynamics and relations that generate the global phenomenon of intense urbanization and ever-growing agglomerations.

The passage from Metropolitan Regions to Megalopolises has become a recent trend in countries such as Cina and India.

Behind the formation of multi-centre urban re­gions, we usually discover financial motives and strong will to compete with other "poles" of the global geopolitical grid, in the race for the "World Dominance".

The borders between regions -or countries- appear superseded: every type of collaboration between cities is christened as "fundanental" in order to survive.

The case of Hong Kong and Shenzhen is exemplary: two very strong financial centers, with their own relative indipendence and history, partecipate in what we could call the "Hong Kong-Shenzhen Megalopolis", promoted and enhanced by the Beijing Goverment.

The "real deal" of the New Megalopolis lies in the area that separates the two cities. Until now, it remained a "grey zone", a land of "no tresspassing" that interrupts the constant flows (of people and vehicles) that form the basic principles of a healthy Urban Region.

Lok Ha Chau Loop is a piece of land situated in the middle of this "grey zone". Its status is still unclear: to whom it belongs to? Hong Kong? Shenzhen? It's definitely in China, but has attracted all the attention from the two communities needed to elevate its status to "a valuable piece of land" that inaugurated the introduction of "common policies" of future development, collaboration and interaction between Hong Kong, Shenzhen -and ultimately the Central Government.

The Loop development is crucial, so much so that it can influence the progress of creation of a Megalopolis, whose economie strength and global perspectives may alter the equilibrium in the global game of power and influence among cities and regions.

Relatori: Cesare Griffa, Subhash Mukerjee
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AO Progettazione
G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GD Estero
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: Edge Design Institute - Hong Kong, MARC Michele Bonino & Subhash Mukerjee Architetti Associati
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/1602
Capitoli:

INDEX

C0NTEMPORARY TRENDS IN URBANIZATION

METROPOLITAN REGIONS AND URBAN GROWTH a contemporary phenomenon

FROM METROPOLITAN REGIONS TO URBAN MEGA-REGIONS (OR MEGALOPOLISES)

MEGA-REGIONS IN CHINA

THE ECONOMIC ANALISIS

COMPARISON OF THE HK-SZ MEGAL0P0LIS WITH OTHER CHINESE MEGALOPOLISES

Beijing-Tianjin and Guangzhou-Foshan

THE HK-SZ MEGALOPOLIS: A GLOBAL ECONOMIC POWERHOUSE

The Politicai Context and thE Future Risks

THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE ANALISIS thE Megalopolis generiC struCture

THE HK-SZ MEGALOPOLIS STRUCTURE DIAGRAM

PARALLEL HISTORY OF THE TWO POLES

DISTRICTS OF THE TWO POLES

THE URBANISATION PROCESS IN HONG KONG

THE URBANISATION PROCESS IN SHENZHEN

HK URBAN CIRCULATION SECTION

SZ URBAN CIRCULATION SECTION

SOCIAL INCUBATOR I Kowloon Walled City (now demolished)- HK

SOCIAL INCUBATOR II Chungking Mansions - HK

SOCIAL INCUBATOR III Urban Villages - SZ

THE QUESTION OF PUBLIC SPACE IN HONG KONG

DENSITY DIAGRAM OF THE MEGALOPOLIS

PRESENT AND FUTURE ROAD NETWORK

PRESENT AND FUTURE TRAIN NETWORK

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT AND INFRASTRUCTURE AXIS

DAILY CROSS-BOUNDARY PUBLIC TRANSPORT DEMAND

BORDER CONTROL POINTS DAILY FLOWS

PROFILES OF FREQUENT CROSS-BORDER TRIP MAKERS

THE HONG KONG SHENZHEN MEGAL0P0LIS | THE LOK MA CHAU LOOP DEVELOPMENT

LOCATION AND SCALE the nature of the project

THE LAND USE OPTION The Public Engagement Exercise and the

LMCD Alliance

The Lok Ma Chau Loop Development and Land Use in the Cinese llth 5-Year Pian

Opportunities and constraints

THE ECOLOGIC CONTEXT

INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER PROJECTS

THE LOK HA CHAU LOOP CONTEXT MAPPING infrastructure,

urban development, green areas

THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT SCENARIOS expansion context

The three possible future expansion scenarios

The initial stages of the expansion

Scenario A Centripetal growth (implosion)

Scenario B Limited Centrifugai growth

Scenario C Centrifugal growth (explosion)

The improbable Scenario | the invasion of the two cities in Lok Ma Chau

THE PROGRAM

THE CONCEPT definition of the basic principles

THE REFERENCES Fishing Villages in Tai 0 - Lantau Island

NASA Lunar Base Project

The Polar Exploration Structures

THE BASIC MODULAR COHPONENT

Variations of the basic component

THE GRID ELENENTS | modular configurations and social incubators

The Dynamic Spatial Evolution of the Macro-Organism - the modular grid example 01

The Dynamic Spatial Evolution of thè Macro-Organism - the modular grid example 01 - section

The Dynamic Spatial Evolution of the Macro-Organism - the modular grid example 02

The Dynamic Spatial Evolution of the Macro-Organism - the social incubator

CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

RENDERS

Bibliografia:

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http://web.archive.org/web20020208225753/www.flex.co.jp/kowloon/story/index_e.html

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