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Autoscaling mechanisms for Google Cloud Dataproc

Luca Lombardo

Autoscaling mechanisms for Google Cloud Dataproc.

Rel. Paolo Garza. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Informatica (Computer Engineering), 2019

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Abstract:

In 2012 the Harvard Business Review article affirmed the Data Scientist profession as "The Sexiest Job of the 21st Century". We all know the story so far: the Big Data movement took over and the demand for this new position rapidly increased. Today all the companies try to squeeze their large amount of data to gain new in- sights and improve their businesses. All the Cloud Services providers, like Google and Amazon, met this market demand: nowadays it is really easy for a company, and specifically who is in charge to analyze data, to create a Hadoop cluster on the fly where deploying Spark jobs, only a matter of minutes. Unfortunately, it is not all so easy as it seems. The first big difficulty to face is cluster configuration: the data scientist skills often do not cover this task, so he needs the technical support each time he wants to create a cluster for a specific job type; the result is that the whole process is slowed down. Suppose for a moment to take this path: it would not work anyway, because even the most careful hand-tuning will fail as data, code, and environments shift. Another simple solution could be the One size fits all approach: always the same configuration. It is clear that this solution absolutely does not work: a configuration with a small set of resources is good for save money but it will end up making some jobs, that suddenly need computational power during their execution, too slow. Over-provisioning solves the computational related issue but at the same time, we waste money, trying to kill a mosquito with a bazooka. All the big companies operating in the cloud computing services realized these issues, and they started to offer smarter services, reducing as much as possible the complexity client-side. We will see in the next chapters that still today these services do not allow great flexibility in terms of frameworks, especially when Machine Learning comes. For this reason, we came to the need to have both great flexibility, thanks to existing and really popular frameworks such as Hadoop and Spark, and also an agent which takes care, nearly real-time, about the workload and resize the clusters accordingly. The data scientist simply wants to submit a job, considering.

Relators: Paolo Garza
Academic year: 2018/19
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 81
Subjects:
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Informatica (Computer Engineering)
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-32 - COMPUTER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Ente in cotutela: EURECOM - Telecom Paris Tech (FRANCIA)
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/10955
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