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Giving life to nursing home care by creating smart communal space near them

Aliakbar, Sahar

Giving life to nursing home care by creating smart communal space near them.

Rel. Alfredo Mela, Mauro Berta. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta', 2017

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION

The aim of this project is creating smart intergenerational spaces near the nursing home care with focus on identifying problems of the elderly, resolving them and providing recreation, social, cultural services to them. This increases the comfort and happiness between elderly and as a result, facilitates and increases the functionality of urban areas for senior people that finally will help to prevent isolation, depression, Alzheimer and other aged-related diseases. One solution for this is though producing smart places in specific city nodes considering standards and ergonomic of aged people. Other advantages of this approach is:

A) Increasing social interaction between the elderly and youth to prevent isolation and mental diseases (Figure 1)

B) Taking advantage of aged manpower in specific light works suitable to them in order to decrease the burden of elderly care on society and help the elderly to feel capable (Figure 2)

C) Serving the elderly by elderly for disable or low capable ones (Figure 3).

The elderly population is growing that will cause aging global crisis in the near future. Aging has become a truly global challenge, and must therefore be given high priority on the global policy agenda. A gray dawn fast approaches. It is time to take an unflinching look at the shape of things to come. The elderly need extensive care, and the youth power that can be used on other task of society have to be spent on taking care of them; this has many cost in terms of money and Ome for their families and government.

People have many problems in old ages, like: feeling burden, ineffectual and reduce life expectancy due to isolation from society. Most of the effective interventions (for preventing social isolation and loneliness among older people) are group activities with an educational or support input. On the other hand, ineffective interventions provided one to one social support, advice and information, or health-needs assessment. It is suggested that educational and social activity group interventions that target specific groups can alleviate social isolation and loneliness among older people. They despite willingness to participate in social interaction and the use of urban spaces are suffering from lack of urban space with proper facilities for independent life, using their experience and connect with other people, etc. Researches show that 50% of the reducOon of physical activities in people of 30-70 years old is due to lack of proper environmental factors. In other words, the elderly like to have responsibilities and create social relationship to prove their capabilities. More specifically, these situations are more severe for aged people living in nursing home-care units, because they are separated from their family and are more isolated from society. But are urban spaces taking in to account the needs of the elderly?

Do urban spaces provide the necessary facilities for this class of society?

To this purpose, this project focuses on several sites in Vaud near nursing home-care units, and improves the urban spaces to the benefit of the elderly by using new and smart technologies, and based on design-standards and ergonomics related to aged people. Moreover, being close by home-care units provides more and easier availability to the old people living there and in the surrounding residential areas. I am going to propose intergenerational complexes that take advantage of smart materials and elements (floor, wall, facade, etc.), equipment (robots, walker, bracelet, etc.) and the elderly manpower to carry out tasks such as management of part of the complex, child care, elderly care, education of youth, cooking, cleaning, technical activities, light agriculture, etc. This will help the aged people improve society by doing light task in addition to have social relationships that prevent the social isolation and reduce exploiting the youth power, as mentioned above.

This project proposes two types of outdoors (beautiful landscape, sport activities, social gathering, shops, bank, post office, etc.) and indoor spaces (kindergarten, educational spaces, health care complex, etc.) dedicated to activities as:

1. group activities

2. education

3. services.

Relatori: Alfredo Mela, Mauro Berta
Soggetti: A Architettura > AG Edifici e attrezzature per la sanità e l'assistenza
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta'
Classe di laurea: NON SPECIFICATO
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6348
Capitoli:

INTRODUCTION

Objective

Methodology

Aging

Population aging growth

- Demographic determinants of population ageing

- Amount and speed of population ageing

- Switzerland ageing

PROBLEMS OF AGING

Health problems

Physical Health

Mental and Cognitive Health

Social problems

- Economic Aspects

- Residential Aspects:

- Nursing Home Care & Day Service Centers

- Social Isolation

- Ageism

- Elder abuse

Urban problem

- Elderly-Friendly Building

- Transportation

- Accessible opportunities

- Public open spaces

- Resting place

- Public toilet

- Lack of secure environment

- Lack of safe and suitable roads

- Pedestrian walkways

- Lack of age-friendly pavements

- Cycle paths

- Switzerland urban problem

SOLUTIONS TO ELDERLY PROBLEM

A. Low probability of disease and disease-related disability

- The environment

- Lifestyle

B. High cognitive and physical functional capacity

- Cognitive functional

- Physical functional

C. Active engagement with life

- Livable community

- Community engagement

- Why community engagement is important to older adults

- Impact of the Internet and new media on social engagement

D. Positive spirituality

E. Improve happiness and entertainment

- Continuing Work, Education, Arts and Recreation

- Pet therapy

- Music & Memory

F. Elderly-friendly urban design

- Urban design for all generations

- Quality of environment

- Elderly-friendly building

- Suitable transportation

- Suitable access

- Public spaces:

- Green spaces

- Somewhere to rest

- Public toilets

- Elder-friendly Community and health care:

- Nursing homes

- Safety and security

- Safety after dark

- Safety for pedestrian

CASE STUDY INTERNATIONAL

The intergenerational Centre in Ljubljana, Slovenia

BCQ's Barcelona day care center

Day Care Center in Beer Sheva

Beer Sheba Daycare Center

The Architect / LEVS architecture

Center for senior citizens - Gundelsheim, Germany

Senior Center of Guangxi / Atelier Alter

CASE STUDY IN SWITZERLAND

WILD STRAWBERRIES, intergenerational center at Gland

- Volumes-uses-relationships

- Outdoor Spaces

Multigenerational Building in Gland / SM-arch, Switzerland

Intergenerational neighborhood

- The Elderly home

- The Alzheimer Center

- The Landscape

SMART AGING

Smart

Smart equipment

- Smart bed sensor monitors bio-signs in bed

- Wireless Fall Detectors

- Smart Watch

- Smart Robot walker for elderly

- Smart cane

- New GPS Assistive Technology

- Smart component

- Smart Home Technologies for Seniors

Smart facades

- Intelligent Facades

- Green Facades:

- The green façade consists of a combination of trees and spirals: Quisqualis indica, climbing along concrete gates, Vernonia elliptica Spathiphyllum wallisii and Aglaia duperreana, stood along corridors and balconies. The combination creates a variety of vertical planes

- Kinetic Facades

- Open Joint Ventilated Facades

- Double-Skin Facades

- Solar Facades

- World's First Algae Bioreactor Facade Nears Completion

- Smart safety and security systems

- Smart Bathroom

- Smart Restroom

- Smart Floor

FIELD STUDY

Field study

Discussion

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

REFERENCES

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