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The evolution of chinese museums and the spatial distribution of history museums : the case of history museums in Henan province

Wang, Chong

The evolution of chinese museums and the spatial distribution of history museums : the case of history museums in Henan province.

Rel. Simona Canepa. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION

The Chinese history is long, great and deep, and has extensive and profound material and intangible cultural heritage. While the carrier of these historical information is just residing in the museum. In a sense, we can learn about the past and present of a place through the museum. The museum not only bears the historical and cultural heritage of the city, but also represents the avant-garde architecture concept and the most advanced technological level to some extent. A museum is a brilliant civilization, people can communicate with the history through appreciating cultural relics and overlook the ups and downs of history through the temporal obstruct. Museum in China has been developing for more than 100 years, and the History Museum is the most important part of the Chinese museum.

So I chose the History Museum as emphasis and detailed analysis its spatial distribution, thus summarizing the functions and features of History Museum to improve the function of History Museum so as to better serve the public.

The first part of this thesis starts from the evolution of Chinese museums, which introduces the origin of Chinese museums, the development of modern museums and the general situation of contemporary museums. Meanwhile, it combines with the influence of western countries and shows from the emerging phase of Chinese museums thousands years ago to the development of contemporary museums after thousands years in different aspects. The second part of this thesis also further describes the various types of Chinese museums: History Museum, Art Museum, Science and Technology Museum, Memorial Museum, Archaeology Museum, Specialized Museum, Folk Custom Museum, Comprehensive Museum, and gives examples respectively. The third part of this thesis focuses on the History Museum which 1 considered the most significative due to the History Museums in China have the largest number and become more perfect after one hundred years development.

And I selects three provincial and municipal museums in my hometown Henan province to describe emphatically. They respectively are Henan Museum, Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum and Luoyang Museum. The text is analyzed in detail the development of each museum, which both Henan Museum and Luoyang Museum experienced relocation and reconstruction to a certain extent while Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum undergone expansion and improvement on the original site. Then as for the architectural appearance, Henan Museum and Luoyang Museum are modem architecture style while Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum is antique architectural style. As well as the spatial and function distribution, all the three museums are planning the exhibition halls based on time line and exhibition content, so that the audience can make a more reasonable visit.

Relatori: Simona Canepa
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: ST Storia > STH Periodo contemporaneo (dal 1945)
ST Storia > STN Storia
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6202
Capitoli:

Introduction

Part I Overview of the evolution of the museums in China

1 The origin of Chinese museums

2 The development of Chinese modern museums

2.1 The early period of Chinese modem museums

2.2 The museums after the Revolution of 1911

2.3 The museums in the Anti-Japanese War and the Liberation War period

2.4 The museums after the founding of the People's Republic of China

2.5 The museums after 1979

3 The general situation of Chinese contemporary museums

3.1 The stage from quantitative change to qualitative change

3.2 There are still many gaps with the developed countries in the world

3.3 The exhibition forms are not conducive to social education

3.4 The lack of a variety of forms

Part II Different types of museums in China

1 History Museum

1.1 The Palace Museum in Beijing

1.2 The National Palace Museum in Taipei

2 Art Museum

2.1 The Power Station of Art in Shanghai (MoCA Shanghai)

2.2 The National Art Museum of China

3 Science and Technology Museum

3.1 China Science and Technology Museum

3.2 Shanghai Science and Technology Museum

4 Memorial Museum

4.1 Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

4.2 Shanghai Lu Xun Museum

5 Archaeology Museum

5.1 Jinsha Site Museum

5.2 Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum

6 Specialized Museum

6.1 Shanghai Museum of Glass

7 Folk Custom Museum

7.1 Suzhou Folk Custom Museum

8 Comprehensive Museum

8.1 Suzhou Museum

8.2 Nanjing Museum

Part III Concentrate on the research of History Museum

1 The reason of choosing History Museum

1.1 The long history of China

1.2 History Museums were fully developed

2 Concentrate on the History Museum in Henan Province

2.1 Initial stage of museums in Henan province

2.2 Development stage of museums in Henan province

2.3 Prosperity stage of museums in Henan province

3 Case study of three History Museum in Henan Province

3.1 Henan Museum

3.1.1 External architecture design and spatial distribution

3.1.2 Internal design and spatial distribution

3.2 Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum

3.2.1 The origin of Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum

3.2.2 Architectural design and layout of Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum

3.2.2.1 The Typical Burial Area of successive dynasties

3.2.2.2 The Imperial Mausoleum Exhibition Area of Northern Wei Dynasty

3.2.2.3 The Mural Exhibition Hall

3.3 Luoyang Museum

3.3.1 The hi story of Luoyang Museum

3.3.2 The architectural design concept and analysis of new Luoyang Museum

3.3.3 The special distribution of the main exhibition hall

3.3.3.1 Foreword Hall

3.3.3.2 Central Hall

3.3.3.3 Heluo Civilization Exhibition Hall

3.3.3.4 Special Exhibition Conclusion

Reference

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