Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Rethinking community : the danwei case of Beijing second thermal power plant

Alberto Castagnino

Rethinking community : the danwei case of Beijing second thermal power plant.

Rel. Michele Bonino, Wang HuI. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017


This thesis analyzes Chinese danwei through socio-spatial characteristics and their roles as urban development strategies. These interventions can facilitate the interaction of groups of different ages, cultures and gender. Nowadays many Beijing’s danwei have been transformed into other facilities, some of them are transformed into art districts, but successful flagship projects are scarce, while others are left to their selves conditions, making them huge barriers inside city center. Through the research on work units both in Beijing and in Mainland China, past and present, it will attempt to clearly identify the correlation of danwei compounds and well established communities backgrounds.

The research explores several issues surrounding danwei not just limited to urban design and architecture, but also encompasses research on their origins through history of Chinese cities, the sociality inside this spaces, the meaning for its citizens in through time, and how they attempt to evolve and survive in the present society.

A comparative analysis on the features of these spaces to determine a basic criteria for design and the interpretation of the research will result in the choice and the renewal design proposal of a danwei compound, located in the city center, the Beijing Second Thermal Power Plant.

Relators: Michele Bonino, Wang HuI
Publication type: Printed
Subjects: U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: UNSPECIFIED
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6166


List of figures

Table of Contents

1 Research Background

1.1 Introduction

1.1.2 Understanding the Context

1.1.3 The Danwei Scenary

1.2 Research Purpose

1.3 Methodologies

1.3.1 Academic Surveys

1.3.2 Case Study Analysis

1.4 Structure of Report

2 Littérature Review


2.2 Work Units

2.2.1 The Danwei System

2.2.2 Recognizing Danwei

2.2.3 Rise and Decline

2.3 Shaping Communities

2.3.1 Space Features

2.3.2 Spatial Traces

2.3.3 Confucian Tradition

2.3.4 Today's Changing Space

2.4 Community Members

2.4.1 Power of Communities

2.4.2 Collective Life

2.4.3 Collective vs Individual

2.5 Future Trends

2.5.1 Alterations During Time

2.5.2 Struggling for Survival

3 Site Analysis

3.1 Introduction

3.1.1 Location

3.2 Site Background

3.2.1 Beijing Second Thermal Power Plant

3.2.2 Tianning Temple

3.2.3 Tianning Region

3.2.4 Building Condition

3.2.5 Context

3.3Case Studies

3.3.1 References

3.3.2 Owenite Community

3.3.3 Shangai Power Art Station

3.3.4 Industrial Reuse

4 Design Proposal

4.1 Introduction and Concept

4.2 Urban Strategies

4.2.1 Site Design

4.2.2 Urban features

4.3 Architecture Strategies

4.3.1 Concept of Space

4.3.2 Extensions of architecture

4.3.3 FactoryDesign

4.3.4 A Green Axis

4.3.5 Park and Corridor Features

5 Conclusions

5.1 Reflections




Bray, David: Social Space and Governance in Urban China: The Danwei System from Origins to Reform. Stanford University Press, Stanford 2005.

Bjorklund, E.M.: “The Danwei: Socio-Spatial Characteristics of Work Units in China’s Urban Society". Economic Geography, 62, 1,1986, pp. 19-29.

Bonino, Michele / De Pieri, Filippo (eds): Beijing Danwei: Industrial Heritage in the Contemporary City. JOVIS Verlag GmbH, Berlin 2015.

De Geus, Martijn: Chinese landscape Explained; A Balance between the Man and the Environment (part 2), Towards a Future Habitat, <http://tafh.org/2013/10/09/chinese-landscape-explai- ned-a-balance-between-man-and-the-environment-part-2/>, 2013.

De Geus, Martijn: Fuck Green..., Towards a Future Habitat, <http://tafh.org/2013/10/09/ fuck-green/>, 2013.

Homer, Stephan: Hybrid Wet Markets: Fostering Better Community Life In the Feng sheng HutongArea. [Master Degree thesis], Master of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 2016.

Lao, David: “China is building a Great Green Wall of trees to stop desertification The plaid Zebra, <http://www.theplaidzebra.com/china-is-building-a-great-green-wall-of-trees-to-stop-de- sertification/>, 2016.

Lanteri, Silvia / Margaria, Eudes: Attraverso un Frammento di Pechino: il Danwei della Textile Factory .[Master Degree thesis], Architecture Construction and City, Politechnic of Turin, Turin, 2015.

Le Corbusier: Manière depenser l’urbanisme. Edition Gonthier, Paris 1963.

Li, Xiadong / Yeo, Kangshua: Chinese Conception of Space.China Arcitecture and Building Press, Beijing 2007.

Li, Xiaojiang / Zhang,Chuanrong / Li, Weidong / Ricard, Robert / Meng, Qingyan / Zhang, Weixing: “Assessing street-level urban greenery using Google Street View and a modified green view index”. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14, 2015, pp. 675-685.

Lu, Xiaobo / Perry, Elizabeth J. (eds): Danwei: the Changing Chinese Workplace in Historical and Comparative Perspective. M. E. Sharpe, New York 1997.

“Power Station ofArt / Original Design Studio”. ArchDaily. <http://www.archdaily.com/293515/ power-station-of-art-original-design-studio/>, 14 Nov 2012.

Profous, George: “Trees and Urban Forestry in Beijing, China ”. Journal of Arboriculture, 18,3, 1992, pp. 145-154.

Shi, Weiliang / Du Liqun -It M 4^ 'l>M(01-18it [x )Iik ffl itfcft' Will MM W %, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing 2010

Trees & Design Action Group: Trees in the Townscape: A Guide for Decision Makers, TDA- G,<http://www.tdag.org.uk/uploads/4/2/8/0/4280686/tdag_trees-in-the-townscape_novem- ber2012.pdf>, 2012.

Wong, Edward: China to Plant ‘Green Necklace ’ of Trees Around Beijing to Fight Smog. The New York Times, <https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/23/world/asia/china-to-plant-green-necklace-of-trees-around-beijing-to-fight-smog.html?_r=0>, 2017.

Zhang, Chun / Chai, Yanwei: "Un-Gated and Integrated Work Unit Communities in Post-Socialist Urban China : A Case Study from Beijing". Habitat International, 43, 2014 pp. 79-89

Zhang, Yan / Chai, Yanwei / Zhou Qianjun: “The Spatiality and Spatial Changes of Danwei Compound in Chinese Cities: Case study of Beijing No.2 Textile Factory”. Department of City and Urban Design PKU, DAD Polito.

Modify record (reserved for operators) Modify record (reserved for operators)