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Not just passing throught : migrants in the city : two cases in Turin

Urquiola Rodriguez, Betzabe

Not just passing throught : migrants in the city : two cases in Turin.

Rel. Anna Maria Cristina Bianchetti. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017

Abstract:

The so called "Refugee crisis" (irregular mass migration) that has recently stricken Europe is a current issue which importance is evident since it agglomerates a series of factors that modify territories and generate geographies by its own. Some countries are more burdened than other since they are the target destination of a large percentage the displaced population. Southern countries as Italy and Greece feature a different situation as main entry points to Europe. There is an all Italian specificity that deserves to be revealed, playing a major role as a gateway country, the fluxes intertwined with other sources of irregular migration becoming a heterogeneous group of subjects gravitating through the territory. This triggered the question of how the dynamic of people, mostly in motion by forced displacement, affects the territory and change the city from within. Here a spectrum of informal practices is generated at a national level, but significantly relevant are the spontaneous solutions for refuge outside of government institutions' intervention; small and precise solutions that have a larger meaning and are able to profoundly mutate the city. The aim is to look at the radical conditions of mutation of population and urban spaces. This, through the specific analysis of two cases studied: Ex-Moi (Turin) and Campo Solidale (Saluzzo). These are two very different cases: one at the center of the city, one of the margins. The actors of the first are individuals that the city does not want to see. The actors of the second are laborers hired "by the piece" for seasonal jobs. The two cases are important because they demonstrate that it is not a detached phenomenon, intertwining with other conditions of deprivation. The Two cases help to understand a profound transformation of the city: the city no longer as the space for the construction of rights, as it was in the past in the Western world. The city was a reflection of citizenship and work. These places are within the city, but they are deprived of citizenship and work. This is why migration deeply changes the city. Not because new population comes into it, rather because the new population comes by changing the conditions of citizenship and work. Our technical skills can do little. But they can describe precisely this new city and can rethink a long tradition of studies developed to deal with transit and emergency situations.

Relatori: Anna Maria Cristina Bianchetti
Tipo di pubblicazione: A stampa
Soggetti: A Architettura > AH Edifici e attrezzature per l'abitazione
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: Nuovo ordinamento > Laurea magistrale > LM-04 - ARCHITETTURA E INGEGNERIA EDILE-ARCHITETTURA
Aziende collaboratrici: NON SPECIFICATO
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/5951
Capitoli:

SUMMARY

Introduction

I Chapter: A World at War

1.1.A refugee Crisis

Socio-demographic data

Origin, Routs and destinations

Reality Check

Dublin Regulation

1.2.Public Debate

1.3.An New urban Question

II Chapter: Not just Passing Through

2.1.A Transit Country

2.2.Italian Paradox

Countries of origins and routes

Gender and age

2.3.The reception system in Italy

Asylum responses

III Chapter: Permanent Temporalities

3.1.Which informality?

3.2.Out of sight

3.3.Cases Study

Back to the ghetto: N5: Ex-MOI, former Olympic Villages. Turin

Wanted but not welcome: N7: Campo Solidale. Saluzzo

The Territorial Dimension of the public policies

IV Chapter: "All lives matter" (welfare)

4.1.Eroded Italian Welfare

4.2.Local actions to a global problem, refugees as social actors

4.3.Transit Architecture

Heritage of Ideas

The places of transit habitat

Conclusion

Bibliography

Bibliografia:

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SITOGRAPHY

Forcer Migration Review http://www.fmreview.org/

Frontex http://frontex.europa.eu/

UNHCR http://www.unhcr.it/

International Organization for Migration http://www.iom.int/

Amnesty International https://www.amnestv.org/

Ministero dell'Interno http://www.interno.gov.it/it

Doctors without Bordes http://www.medicisenzafrontiere.it/

Italian Council for Refugees http://www.cir-onlus.org/

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