Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Not just passing throught : migrants in the city : two cases in Turin

Betzabe Urquiola Rodriguez

Not just passing throught : migrants in the city : two cases in Turin.

Rel. Anna Maria Cristina Bianchetti. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2017


The so called "Refugee crisis" (irregular mass migration) that has recently stricken Europe is a current issue which importance is evident since it agglomerates a series of factors that modify territories and generate geographies by its own. Some countries are more burdened than other since they are the target destination of a large percentage the displaced population. Southern countries as Italy and Greece feature a different situation as main entry points to Europe. There is an all Italian specificity that deserves to be revealed, playing a major role as a gateway country, the fluxes intertwined with other sources of irregular migration becoming a heterogeneous group of subjects gravitating through the territory. This triggered the question of how the dynamic of people, mostly in motion by forced displacement, affects the territory and change the city from within. Here a spectrum of informal practices is generated at a national level, but significantly relevant are the spontaneous solutions for refuge outside of government institutions' intervention; small and precise solutions that have a larger meaning and are able to profoundly mutate the city. The aim is to look at the radical conditions of mutation of population and urban spaces. This, through the specific analysis of two cases studied: Ex-Moi (Turin) and Campo Solidale (Saluzzo). These are two very different cases: one at the center of the city, one of the margins. The actors of the first are individuals that the city does not want to see. The actors of the second are laborers hired "by the piece" for seasonal jobs. The two cases are important because they demonstrate that it is not a detached phenomenon, intertwining with other conditions of deprivation. The Two cases help to understand a profound transformation of the city: the city no longer as the space for the construction of rights, as it was in the past in the Western world. The city was a reflection of citizenship and work. These places are within the city, but they are deprived of citizenship and work. This is why migration deeply changes the city. Not because new population comes into it, rather because the new population comes by changing the conditions of citizenship and work. Our technical skills can do little. But they can describe precisely this new city and can rethink a long tradition of studies developed to deal with transit and emergency situations.

Relators: Anna Maria Cristina Bianchetti
Publication type: Printed
Subjects: A Architettura > AH Buildings and equipment for the home
A Architettura > AO Design
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-04 - ARCHITECTURE AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/5951



I Chapter: A World at War

1.1.A refugee Crisis

Socio-demographic data

Origin, Routs and destinations

Reality Check

Dublin Regulation

1.2.Public Debate

1.3.An New urban Question

II Chapter: Not just Passing Through

2.1.A Transit Country

2.2.Italian Paradox

Countries of origins and routes

Gender and age

2.3.The reception system in Italy

Asylum responses

III Chapter: Permanent Temporalities

3.1.Which informality?

3.2.Out of sight

3.3.Cases Study

Back to the ghetto: N5: Ex-MOI, former Olympic Villages. Turin

Wanted but not welcome: N7: Campo Solidale. Saluzzo

The Territorial Dimension of the public policies

IV Chapter: "All lives matter" (welfare)

4.1.Eroded Italian Welfare

4.2.Local actions to a global problem, refugees as social actors

4.3.Transit Architecture

Heritage of Ideas

The places of transit habitat





Ambrosini M., Marchetti C. (2008). Cittadini possibili: Un nuovo approccio all'accoglienza e all'integrazione dei rifugiati, Milano: FrancoAngeli.

Ambrosini M. (2015), Sociologia delle migrazioni, Bologna. Il Mulino.

Balbo M. (2009). Social and spatial inclusion of international migrants: local responses to a global process, SSIIM Paper Series, Università IUAV. Venezia

Belloni, G. (2011). UNSETTLED Solidarity networks, coping strategies, resistance in contemporary urban areas The case of 300 african refugees between hay and Hamburg. Hamburg, Germany: HafenCity University.

Belloni, G. (2013). UNSETTLED. Solidarity networks, coping strategies, resistance in contemporary urban areas. The case of 300 African refugees between Italy and Hamburg. Hamburg/Milano: HCU Hamburg/Politecnico di Milano unpublished master thesis.

Belloni, G., & Pallotta, G. S. (2016). GRASSROOTS CULTURE AS THE KEY FOR THE REVITALISATION OF URBAN PERIPHERIES: THE CASE OF REFUGEES SOUAT IN TURIN'S FORMER OLYMPIC VILLAGE. Turin, Italy: Track 2_Imageries of cities: The role of cultural policies and activisms in self-representation of cities and citizens.

Bifulco, L., & Vitale, T. (2014). Da strutture a processi: servizi, spazi e territori del welfare locale. Sociologia Urbana e rurale, 2003, XXV (72), pp.95-108.

Bolzonia, M., Gargiulob, E., & Manocchia, M. (2015). The social consequences of the denied access to housing for refugees in urban settings: the case of Turin, Italy. Turin: International Journal of Housing Policy.

Caritas Diocesana (2015). Progetto presidio Report, Nella Terra di Nessuno. Lo sfruttamento lavoratici in agricoltura.

Centro Studi e Ricerche IDOS. (2009). The practices in Italy concerning the granting of non-EU harmonized protection statuses. Rome: Italian National Contact Point.

Darling, J. (2016). Forced migration and the city: Irregularity, informality, and the politics of presence. SAGE.

Duvell, F. (2006). 'Crossing the fringes of Europe: Transit migration in the EU's neighborhood'. Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society.

Gruppo di studio sul sistema di accoglienza. (2015). Rapporto sull'accoglienza di migranti e rifugiati in Italia, Roma: Ministero dell'interno.

Harvey, D. (2010). La crisi della modernità. Il Saggiatore. Translated by Maurizio Viezzi.

Harvey D. (2012), Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution, Verso Books, New York.

Hatziprokopiou, P., Frangopoulos, Y., & Montagna, N. (2016, FEBRUARY 15). Migration and the city. City, analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action, 52-60.

Korac M. (2001). Politiche, agency e dialogo interculturale. Esperienze dei rifugiati dei conflitti jugoslavi in Italia, in "Mondi Migranti, 3/2009", pp. 127-150. Milano: FrancoAngeli

Korac M. (2003). Integration and How We Facilitate it: A Comparative Study of the Settlement Experiences of Refugees in Italy and the Netherlands, SAGE Journals, in Sociology, Vol. 37, n.1, pp. 51-68. London

Lo piccolo, F. (2012). Welfare o diritto alla città? Sguardi e voci plurali nell'esercizio di forme di cittadinanza attiva. In S. Munarin, & V. Martelliano, Spazi, Storie e Soggetti del Welfare. Sul ruolo delle politiche di welfare state nella costruzione delta città' (p. 89-98). Roma: Gangemi editore.

M. Collyer; F. Duvell; H de Hass. (2012). Critical Approaches to Transit Migration. Population, spaces, and place, 407-414.

Marcetti C., Solimano N.(2000) Immigrazione. Convivenza Urbana. Conflitti Locali, Angelo Pontecorboli Editore (Firenze, 2000).

Marchetti, C. (2006). Un mondo di rifugiati: Migrazioni forzate e campi profughi. Bologna: EMI - Editrice Missionaria Italiana.

Marconi, G. (2001). Not Just Passing Through: International Migrants in cities of "Transit Countries". SSIIM paper No. 6.

Medici Senza Frontiere. (2016). Fuori Campo, richiedenti asilo e rifugiati in Italia: insediamenti informali e marginalità sociale.

Ministry of interior, (2015) Report on reception of migrants and refugees in Italy. Rome

Molfetta, C. (2008). La lotta dei rifugiati. Accogliere invece di sgomberare.

Munarin S., Tosi M. (2014). Welfare Space. On the Role of Welfare State Policies in the Construction of the Contemporary City. Roma

Netto, G. (2011). Strangers in the city: Addressing challenges to the protection, housing and settlement of refugees. International Journal of Housing Policy, 11, 285-303.

Nevin, A. M. (2013 ). Ambivalence and citizenship: Theorising the political claims of irregular migrants. Millennium, 41: 182-200.

Newman, D. (2006). The lines that continues to separate us: borders in our borderless world . Progress in human geography, vol 30, No. 2, pp. 143-161.

Ostanel, E. (2010). "Practice of citizenship, practice of resistance: Mozambicans in Johannesburg South Africa. SSIIM paper series No.3.

Papadopoulou, A. (2008). Transit migration: the missing link between emigration and settlement. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Perriccioli, M. (2005). La temporaneità oltre l'emergenza : strategie insediative per l'abitare temporaneo. Roma : Kappa .

Pruijt, H. (2013). The logic of urban squatting. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37, 19-45.

Refugee Study Center. (2015). Destination: Europe. Oxford: Forced migration review.

Rossi, A. (2014). Evictions, urban displacement and migrant re-appropriation in Turin (Northern Italy). Planum. The Journal of Urbanism, n.29 vol 11/2014.

Secchi, B. (2012). Esperienze di Welfare. In S. Murarin, & V. Martelliano, Spazi, Storie e Soggetti del Welfare. Sul ruolo delle politiche di welfare state nella costruzione della città' (p. 21-24). Roma: Gangemi editore.

Secchi, B. (2013). La Città dei Ricchi e la Città dei Poveri. Roma-Bari: Laterza.

SPRAR, (2015). Rapporto sulla protezione internazionale in Italia. Roma

Tosi A. (1993), Immigrati e senza casa. 1 problemi, i progetti, le politiche, Milano FrancoAngeli

Turano, S. (2016). Lo spazio dei rifugiati nella città europea. Torino. Thesis: Bacheloor degree in Architecture and Construction City. Torino: Politecnico di Torino.

Ultermark J., Nicholls W., Loopmans M. (2012), "Cities and social movements: theorizing beyond the right to the city", Environment and Planning A, 44: 2546-54.

UNHCR, (2015). Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries

Yvan Sagnet; Leonardo Palmisano. (2015). Ghetto Italia, I braccianti stranieri tra caporalato e sfruttamento. Roma: Fandango Libri.


Forcer Migration Review http://www.fmreview.org/

Frontex http://frontex.europa.eu/

UNHCR http://www.unhcr.it/

International Organization for Migration http://www.iom.int/

Amnesty International https://www.amnestv.org/

Ministero dell'Interno http://www.interno.gov.it/it

Doctors without Bordes http://www.medicisenzafrontiere.it/

Italian Council for Refugees http://www.cir-onlus.org/

Modify record (reserved for operators) Modify record (reserved for operators)