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Monte Carlo simulations for shielding and activation of the 17 MeV MYRRHA injector beam line

Francesco Pepe

Monte Carlo simulations for shielding and activation of the 17 MeV MYRRHA injector beam line.

Rel. Sandra Dulla. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare, 2023

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The objective of the MYRRHA project is to couple a sub-critical reactor with a 600 MeV, 4 mA proton LINAC, as a very first prototype of Accelerator Driven System (ADS). In this configuration, the neutron population is sustained by the LINAC, which accelerates and focuses a proton beam to a spallation target inside the reactor. The construction road map is divided into three phases. In the first phase, MINERVA, a research facility that will also function as the first section of the LINAC (up to 100 MeV), will be designed and constructed. In the second phase, the accelerator construction will be completed (600 MeV). In the third phase, the reactor will be built. According to current estimates, the construction will be completed in 2036, with MINERVA already available in 2026. For the complete design of MINERVA, many aspects still need to be considered and, most importantly, its safe operation must be demonstrated. This thesis focuses on the shielding and activation of the first component of MINERVA, the injector, in which protons are accelerated to 17 MeV, and its beam dump, which will absorb a maximum of 68 kW of proton beam energy. This last component will be used during the injector commissioning and maintenance tests. The objective is to demonstrate that the shielding provisions suggested so far at SCK CEN, and the ones that will be suggested in this work, are enough to guarantee that the safety standards for people and environment are respected. Two types of radiation sources are responsible for radiation along the beam line and around the beam dump. The large amount of prompt doses and radioactivity in the beam dump and in its shield are produced due to interactions of the primary protons with the beam dump materials. As far as the beam line is concerned, continuous proton beam losses (1 W/m) along the beam line are assumed. Radiation will be created due the interaction of the lost protons the beam line components and the surrounding materials. The shielding design of the injector and of the beam dump is done by means of the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP6.2, developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Activation calculations are performed with the SCK CEN code ALEPH2. In order to speed up the calculations and to obtain better statistics, a massive use of variance reduction techniques is done. In particular, weight windows and DXTRAN spheres are studied and applied. The results obtained with these tools show that it is possible to satisfy the safety requirements concerning the dose rate limits imposed by law and by SCK CEN, by implementing simple shielding designs, based on concrete and other shielding materials.

Relators: Sandra Dulla
Academic year: 2023/24
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 80
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-30 - ENERGY AND NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: SCK-CEN
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/28390
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