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Alternative Vehicles - Confined Space Fire Scenarios - Road Tunnels

Ibrahim Nasser

Alternative Vehicles - Confined Space Fire Scenarios - Road Tunnels.

Rel. Davide Papurello. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Mechatronic Engineering (Ingegneria Meccatronica), 2023

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In the event of a fire involving alternative fuel vehicles in a confined space, such as a road tunnel, the risk of a hydrogen explosion presents a significant concern. Hydrogen is highly flammable and can ignite in the presence of an ignition source and oxygen. It's important for road tunnel operators to have robust fire safety protocols in place to minimize the risk of fire and to ensure an effective response in the event of an incident. This can include measures such as fire suppression systems, fire-resistant tunnel linings, and fireproof ventilation systems. Additionally, the proper use of hydrogen sensors can aid in the early detection of hydrogen gas in the event of a leak and help prevent the spread of fire. It is crucial that all road tunnel personnel are trained on the risks associated with alternative fuel vehicles and the procedures to be followed in the event of a fire, including the proper evacuation of the tunnel. Regular fire drills can also help to ensure that everyone is prepared in the event of an emergency. There are a large number of commercially available hydrogen safety sensors. Because end-users have a broad range of sensor options for their specific applications, the final selection of an appropriate sensor technology can be complicated. Facility engineers and other end-users are expected to select the optimal sensor technology choice. However, some sensor technologies may not be a good fit for a given application. Informed decisions require an understanding of the general analytical performance specifications that can be expected by a given sensor technology. Although there are a large number of commercial sensors, most can be classified into relatively few specific sensor types (e.g., electrochemical, metal oxide, catalytic bead, and others). Performance metrics of commercial sensors produced on a specific platform may vary between manufacturers, but to a significant degree a specific platform has characteristic analytical trends, advantages, and limitations. Knowledge of these trends facilitates the selection of the optimal technology for outdoor applications. An understanding of the various sensor options and their general analytical performance specifications would be invaluable in guiding the selection of the most appropriate technology for the designated application.

Relators: Davide Papurello
Academic year: 2022/23
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 65
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Mechatronic Engineering (Ingegneria Meccatronica)
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-25 - AUTOMATION ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/26903
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