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The urban divide phenomenon in a european city: the case study of Turin, Italy.

Giulia Morin

The urban divide phenomenon in a european city: the case study of Turin, Italy.

Rel. Mario Artuso, Silvia Saccomani. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea specialistica in Pianificazione Territoriale, Urbanistica E Ambientale, 2012


This research is aimed to analyze the Urban Divide phenomenon in a developed country city. The case study focuses on the city of Turin, Italy. More specifically the research addresses the key question by identifying which are the terms of the phenomenon that can be recognized in the town. By definition Urban Divide is the differences between rich and the poor neighborhoods over a range of data which includes income and consumption inequality; statistics on health, education, hunger, employment opportunities as well as spatial segregation. Urban Divide or urban disparity is one of the most important issue that has arisen in recent years as the world is becoming more and more urban. According to the UN forecasts, by 2030 there will be twenty-one megacities in the world, most of them settled in the developing countries. Although the Urban Divide has its worst implications in these countries, it is interesting to study which kind of connotation it takes in a developed country city like Turin.

The research follows a specific methodology based on the analysis of statistical data such as demography indicators, employment rates and education level, as well as plans and projects that recently have been provided by the Municipality. To be able to find out the evidence of the phenomenon inside the city the research has been based on a specific scale of analysis: the city wasn't analyzed as a whole, but by Districts (Circoscrizioni). This specific scale factor was considered as appropriate to give a complex and complete picture of thè internai city context. The expected outcomes of thè analysis and thè study of the public recent interventions were aimed to find two districts that are experiencing different social conditions. The results of the studies point out to a strong division between the first district (Centro, Crocetta) and the sixth (Barriera di Milano, Regio Parco, Barca, Bertolla, Falchera, Rebaudengo, Villaretto).

The research is divided into three chapters: in the first one the urban divide phenomenon has been analyzed in its theoretical side, mainly through thè study of the UNHABITAT 2010 report, which focuses on the issue and its implications in the developing countries. The second chapter focuses on the specific case study through the statistical analysis. The last part of the research is chapter three where the outcomes of the previous points are critically compared to identify the practical implications of the urban divide in the districts.

Relators: Mario Artuso, Silvia Saccomani
Publication type: Printed
Subjects: G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GA Antropologia
U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea specialistica in Pianificazione Territoriale, Urbanistica E Ambientale
Classe di laurea: UNSPECIFIED
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/2558

Introduction: aim, methodology, expected outcomes

1. The Urban Divide phenomenon

1.1. Setting thè scene for Urban Divide: the world urbanization

1.2. Definition: what is Urban Divide?

1.3. Identification: which are the Urban Divide aspects?

1.3.1. The Economic Divide

1.3.2. The Spatial Divide

1.3.3. The Opportunity Divide

1.3.4. The Social Divide

1.4. Geography of the phenomenon: global issue, local matter

1.4.1. Examples of urban divide in a developing country city: Dakar, Senegal

1.5. The Urban Divide trend in the developing countries

2. Developed countries and the Urban Divide, the case study of Turin

2.1 The Urban Divide in the developed countries

2.2 Case study: Urban Divide in Turin

2.2.1 Analysis for the case study

2.2.2 Outcomes

3. The approach to cope with Urban Divide in Turin: social plans and urban projects

3.1 The districts Social Plan of 2004

3.1.1 Social Plan of District one: Centro, Crocetta

3.1.2 Social Plan of District six: Barriera di Milano, Regio Parco, Barca, Bertolla, Falchera, Rebaudengo, Villaretto

3.2 Recent Municipality interventions

3.3 The final comparisons of plans and projects: evidences of Urban Divide

Conclusions: results, limits and forward path of the research

Appendix 1: World Charter for the Right to the City.

Appendix 2: Poverty and Families in the Industrial Revolution

Figures, charts, tables



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Professor Alfredo Mela, 7th december 2011 Torino, Castello del Valentino

Online resources

UNHABITAT (Unhabitat.org)

INCLUSIVE CITIES (inclusivecities.org)

AVVENTURA URBANA (www.avventuraurbana.it)

SANSAL VARIO (www.sansalvario.org)

IRES (www.ires.piemonte.it)

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ISTAT (www.istat.it)

COMUNE DI TORINO (www.comune.torino.it)

OICT (www.oict.polito.it)

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