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La storia del territorio e della trasformazione degli spazi religiosi in Xi'an.

Xin Chen, Guanqun Li

La storia del territorio e della trasformazione degli spazi religiosi in Xi'an.

Rel. Andrea Longhi. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura, 2011


Xi'an, is a very typical of the cities which has been relegated from the capitai of unified empire into a regional important city. As a city which has been the capital of Ancient China for the longest time, its locus of development is worthy being researched.

We have divided our research into two parts according to the era, the first part is the Sui and Tang Dynasties when Xi'an was the capitai of the united empire; the second part is the era from late Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty when we call it era of "After capitai", in this period, Xi'an was no longer the capitai of China but was an important city of northwest China.

When Xi'an as the capital of the united empire

Xi'an, called Chang'an in ancient times, is the mother of our city; is the birthplaces of our civilization and was once the top of the whole world. During Xian's long history, 13 dynasties such as Qin (221 BC - 206 BC), Western Han (206 BC - 24 AD) and Tang (618 - 906) placed their capitals here. This eternai city, records the great changes of the Chinese nation just like a living history book.

For the ancient Chinese empire, it is with great significance to locate its capital. It is not accidental for ali these emperors to choose the sanic place. Behind this city's legendary city wall, lots secrets- historical, cultural, economic, political and military- were concealed. The long history, highly position and great fame of this city has attracted lots of interests of scholars around the world. A number of comprehensive accounts of Xi'an/Chang' an have appeared. We choose this city for the subject of our study not just for our own Chinese cultural roots. Its greatness and value are far beyond imagination. It should be recognized as a signif

Relators: Andrea Longhi
Publication type: Printed
Subjects: U Urbanistica > UB Architettura del Paesaggio
U Urbanistica > UN Storia dell'Urbanistica
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura
Classe di laurea: UNSPECIFIED
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/2493


Chapter 1 General information of Xi'an

1.1 Xi'an's historical status in China

1.2 The geographical environment of Xi'an

Chapter 2 Han Chang'an (206B.C.—24A.D.)

2.2 The construction and development of HanChang'an

2.3 The traditionofChinese city planning

2.3.1 oringins of the idea

2.3.2 The ideai city in Kaogongji

2.3 Layout of Han Chang'an

2.4 Chang'an and Rome

2.5 religion in Han Dynasty

2.5.1 Confucianism

2.5.2 Origin of Confucian Temple

2.5.3 Religious construction-Mingtang (Bright Hall)

Chapter 3 Sui-Tang Chang'an (581A.D—907A.D.)

3.1 Constniction of Daxingcheng (581A.D.—618A.D.)

3.1.1 planner of the city

3.1.2 layout of the city

3.1.3 Palace city

3.1.4 Imperial City

3.1.5 Daxingcheng and Grand Canal

3.2 Tang Chang'an (618A.D.—907A.D.)

3.2.1 Daming Palace and Xingqing Palace

3.2.2 Li-fang System

3.2.3 Market

3.2.4 Residential Area

3.2.5 The influence of the city to other Asian cities

Chapter 4 Religion and Religious Building in Chang'an

4 .1 Religions during Sui-Tang

4.1.1 Confucianism

4.1.2 Daoism

4.1.3 Buddhism

4.1.4 Other religions

4.2 Daoist and Buddhist Architecture in China

4.2.1 Buddhist Architecture

4.2.2 Daoist Architecture

4.3 Religious Buildingin Sui-Tang Chang'an

4.3.1 Daoist Building

4.3.2 Buddhist Building.

4.3.3 Distribution of important religious Buildings in Chang'an

4.4 The Existing Sui-Tang religious Buildings

Chapter 5 The changes of Xi'an City in the Five Dynasties and Song Jin Yuan Dynasties

5.1 The "New City" during thè Five Dynasties (907 A.D.-960 A.D.)

5.2 Jingzhao Fu of Northern Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty (960 A.D.-1276 A.D.)

5.3 FengyuanLu City in the Yuan Dynasty (1271 A.D.-1368 A.D.)

Chapter 6 Xi'an City in the Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D.-1644 A.D.)

6.1 The expansion of Xi'an City in the early Ming Dynasty.

6.2 Xi'an King Qin's prefecture of the Ming Dynasty.

6.3 The mansions of imperial clan in Xi'an in the the Ming Dynasty

6.4 The changes in Xi'an City's spatial pattern in the middle and late Ming Dynasties

6.5.1 The impact of the Bell Tower's move and construction

6.5.2 The construction, scale and pattern of the Guan City.

6.5 The spatial pattern of urban and rural areas of Xi'an in the Ming Dynasty

6.6.1 The characteristics and the impact of the multi-layers city pattern

6.6.2 The subsidiary functions of suburban areas

6.6 Summary

Chapter 7 Development and changes of Xi'an in the Qing Dynasty

(1644 A.D.-1911 A.D.)

7.1 The construction of the Man City in the early Qing Dynasty

7.2 The scale and thr layout of thr Man city of Xi'an in thr Qing Dynasty

7.2.1 The scale of the Man City

7.2.2 The layout of the Man City

7.3 The construction, the scale and the internal layout of the Xi'an's South City in the Qing Dynasty

7.4 The spatial pattern of urban and rural Xi'an in the Qing Dynasty

7.5.1 The characteristics and the influence of the Multi-layers City pattern

7.5.2 The subsidiary function of the suburban areas (Diagram 7-8)

7.5 Summary

Chapter 8 The development and the changes in religious space of Xi'an during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.1 Types of urban and rural temples in Xi'an in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.1.1 Historical overview of temples in Xi'an

8.1.2 Types of temples in rural and urban areas of Xi'an in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.2 The distribution of urban and rural temples in Xi'an during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.2.1 The spatial distribution

8.2.2 The principles of the site choosing

8.3 The scale, the layout and the environment of Xi'an urban and rural temples in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.3.1 The scale of the temples

8.3.2 The inner layout of the temples

8.3.3 The environment of temples

8.4 Functions of thè Xi'an temples in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

8.5.1 Faith and worship

8.5.2 Function of tour

8.5.3 Cultural and educational functions

8.5.4 Community center

8.5.5 Economic unit

8.5 Summary

Chapter 9 Conclusion

Appendix -A Chronology

Appendix -B Map of China andposition of Xi'an(Chang'an)

Appendix -C Dynastic capitals in Guanzhong Area

Appendix -D Archaeological sites in Guanzhong area

Appendix -E Pian of Western Han Chang'an

Appendix -F Map of China in Han dyasty

Appendix -G Pian of Sui Tang Chang'an

Appendix -H Tang Dynasty and the emperors

Appendix -I The Tang Palace City

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