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Fresh wind blowing into Lishui village:A sustainable village design based on villages research in Lishui

Chao Wang, Feng Zhang

Fresh wind blowing into Lishui village:A sustainable village design based on villages research in Lishui.

Rel. Michele Bonino, Camilla Forina, Agostino Strina. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile, 2021

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Shanshui City - a future model for chinese urbanization Folk houses are the representative form of Chinese farmers' architectural experience and technology for thousands of years.However, in the current highly capitalized and technological era of China, Chinese rural houses are undergoing a process of being overwhelmed by the rapid and often disorderly expansion of cities.Similar contemporary villages in China have begun to integrate a kind of "purpose" into architecture, function, system, and even value logic and aesthetic concerns. The function becomes the only criterion for rational space has led to the similarity of rural architectural styles and forms, the disappearance of regional architectural characteristics, the decline of local cultural characteristics, and the rupture of historical context. Regarding the West’s gaze on the countryside, the American Rural Studio led by Samuel Mockbee can be used as an important reference. They take the scale and comfort of the building as the basis of their design, and spend more time on the lowest budget materials (discarded tires, hay, waste cardboard) to realize the housing of low-income farmers. In the revitalization plan of the small town of Newbern (a declining cotton planting base with stagnant agriculture and extremely high unemployment), the Rural Studio took the opportunity of establishing its own farm and tried to activate the local paralysis by producing organic food Agricultural industry. Most of the rural areas in China are due to the influence of the urbanization process, which leads to confusion in the architectural language of the facade and function. This processed in China are more intense and speed than in western country .Therefore, Chinese architects began to pay attention to the "new vernacular architecture" . "Neo-vernacular architecture" refers to those new buildings designed by contemporary architects that are mainly inspired by traditional vernacular architecture. It is a modern interpretation of traditional vernacular architecture. In the renovation project of Shuangliu Village in Hangzhou, Li Kaisheng preserved the organicity of the original village texture and the growth mechanism of the site, erased the illegible decorative words and chaotic construction details, and restored the pure geometric attributes of the volume. This method is also our design theme for those villages that have been severely eroded by urbanization.Our ultimate intention is to retain the original texture of the historical village while adding the modern functions needed by the villagers to support their normal modern life Regarding the design strategy this time, we will follow the footsteps of Chinese designers, sort out and dismantle the morphological relationship of the village.An adaptable and sustainable rural model can be obtained, which will become a new model of rural China in the 2030s and even the 2040s in the future.

Relators: Michele Bonino, Camilla Forina, Agostino Strina
Academic year: 2021/22
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 77
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-04 - ARCHITECTURE AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/19826
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