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THE FOOD SMART CITY IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY. A morphological and functionalist approach for the revitalization of Porta Genova in Milan.

Fabio Maffia

THE FOOD SMART CITY IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY. A morphological and functionalist approach for the revitalization of Porta Genova in Milan.

Rel. Marco Trisciuoglio, Marco Bovati. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, 2019

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Impressive data show that cities all over the world are devouring 75% of Earth’s resources. At the current rate, the urban population is predicted to be double by 2050, meaning the 70% of the total global population, thus raising serious questions about how cities could feed themselves in the future. This thesis was moved by the urgency of addressing this topic and the reasoning about how food could foster the revitalization of the disused or abandoned areas. Two main themes were discussed to tackle these issues. The first one is strictly related to food. Since ancient city-states, food and animal routes have historically shaped the urban morphology. The reasoning about food led to the choice of the city of Milan as a case study for this work, since it is one of the leaders in the contemporary urban food policy scenario. Taking advantage of the moment of great visibility given by EXPO 2015, the city of Milan, in fact, launched an international protocol aimed at tackling food-related issues at the urban level and developing new resilient urban systems, to be adopted by as many world cities as possible. The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact and the EXPO experience were interesting drivers for the project. The second theme regards the choice of Porta Genova as the specific area for the project. Its revitalization is part of the larger reordering vision of seven railway yards, with the aim of fostering innovative urban spaces and reconnecting several areas of the Milan inner periphery. The place, formerly occupied by the railway, is an interesting urban slice which divides the district of Tortona-Solari and the area of the Navigli. The presence of two important ways of transportation, the railway, and the Naviglio, makes it the perfect place for the reasoning about food and city. The site is a place of barriers, well-shaped by its boundaries, the Naviglio, the walls and the railway, still very accessible from different parts of the city, but also a place of empty places. The project set the goal to reach three main objectives: study how food can influence the urban morphology and the architecture; find a solution to manage a vast empty space in the city of Milan, as part of a wider system; design an original system of food production in urban environments, which could be used as a device to foster renovation of degraded or abandoned areas. The project was approached through three topics: administration, retail and production of food in the city. These macro-topics were declined in three architectural projects within the framework of the circular economy. The first topic transforms the former railway station in an innovative place of catering, with specific attention to the new food habits and the delivery methods. The second one renovates and expands the former railway warehouse, placing a food market. The third one proposes a novel prototype of a vertical farm, a future food hub, which serves the other two spaces. The quite small scale, the compactness and the low construction budget of the farm (compared to similar concepts) supports the attempt of making it a replicable prototype. The three projects are connected by a general redefinition of the entire area of Porta Genova with a new linear park, agricultural fields, bridges, a fish basin, and a new Darsena. All the buildings were also designed with the specific purpose of being circular, with completely dismountable wooden and metal structure.

Relators: Marco Trisciuoglio, Marco Bovati
Academic year: 2018/19
Publication type: Electronic
Number of Pages: 321
Subjects: A Architettura > AO Design
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città
Classe di laurea: New organization > Master science > LM-04 - ARCHITECTURE AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
Ente in cotutela: Department of Architecture, Building and Planning - Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (PAESI BASSI)
Aziende collaboratrici: UNSPECIFIED
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/11739
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