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Marri, Sohrab Ahmed

Investigating the role of nature in Contemporary architecture of China.

Rel. Michele Bonino. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta', 2017



There is no other culture in which nature played so Important role as It played In the arts and architecture of China. The Indigenous traditional Chinese Pelief of living harmoniously with nature has profound impact on Chinese architecture, such as Feng-shui(geomancy), courtyards with gardens, materials e.t.c and also on lllusionistic landscape architecture paintings. Since People's Republic of China especially after 1980s the traditional Chinese nature Based theories was almost not promoted and practiced. Recently, it Become one of the hot topic in contemporary architecture of China. Many famous Chinese architects Pringing Pack the traditional philosophies of nature, integrating it with modern architecture language, in order to encounter many environmental and social issues in China.

This thesis presents an investigation on the role of nature in contemporary architecture of China. The past Chinese nature based architectural concepts will be formulated and demonstrated by comparision with contemporary architecture projects in China. These nature based assumptions are then will be used as a tool to critically analyze some notable contemporary projects of Chinese Based architecture studios, whose primary concern lies on nature concepts.

In conclusion it will deduct out some new informative ideas of contemporary Chinese architects regarding nature and their contribution in field of architecture. It also brings out new innovative ideas as a remedy to current challenges of cities and architecture.

Relatori: Michele Bonino
Soggetti: A Architettura > AD Bioarchitettura
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta'
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6135

1 Introduction

1.1 Overview

1.2 Research questions, Aim and scope of thesis

1.3 Limitation of research

1.4 Methodology of Research

2 Chinese architecture nature concepts

2.1 Principal

2.2 Man Nature unity

2.3 naturalness

2.4 Simplicity

2.5 Spontaneity

2.6 Compassion

2.7 Modesty/ Frugality

2.8 Emptiness or Void

2.9 Emotional attachment with nature

2.10 Aesthetic in Nature

2.11 Symmetry in design approach

2.12 Balance: Yin(dark) Yang(light)

2.13 "Chi"(invisible vital forces)

2.14 Macro level

2.15 Traditional Chinese Geomancy

2.16 Form follow nature

2.17 In direct imitation of nature

2.18 "Feng Jing"(Wind Scene) landscape painting

2.19 Shanshui Hua

2.20 Viewing totality to grasp the whole

2.21 Architecture as Construction art

2.22 Viewing architecture in landscape

2.23 roof greenery in mausoleums

2.24 social hierarchy in city planning

2.25 Respecting views

2.26 Peach Blossom Village an utopian vision

2.27 Micro level

2.28 Nature inside the walls

2.29 'chi-yun-sheng-tung'

2.30 Aesthetic appreciations aspect of Chinese garden

2.31 Concealments Parallelism with cosmology&nature

2.32 Material in architecture Breathing architecture

2.33 Critical Review on Contemporary projects

2.34 Harbin opera House

2.35 Shan Guest House

2.36 Liyuan Library

2.37 Tree forest

2.38 Jianamani Visitor Center





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