Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Allizond, Amedeo

Winter olympic site reuse.

Rel. Gustavo Ambrosini, Mauro Berta, Michele Bonino, Zhang Li, Liu Jian. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta', 2017

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION

The Polito-Tsinghua Joint-study program is a collaboration between the University of Architecture of the Polytechnic of Turin and the school of Architecture Tsinghua of Beijing.

This year's theme is the XX Olympics Games in Turin 2006, in particular the reuse and the redevelopment of two plants currently in disuse: the bobsleigh track in Pariol, near Sansicario Alto, in the municipality of Cesana Torinese and the area former "Moi Olympic Village" in Turin.

The XX Winter Olympic Games were assigned to Turin on 19 June 1999 during the 109th Congress of the IOC (International Olympic Committee) held in Seoul.

The competitions took place both in Turin, in Susa and in Sangone Valley, the two most Western valleys of the province of Turin. The events were divided into different locations: Turin, Pinerolo, Bardonecchia, Sauze d'Oulx, Sestriere, Pragelato and Cesana Torinese. To ensure the performance of the scheduled races, temporary structures and some permanent structures were built.

The Joint-Study 2016 program takes care of the legacy of this international event. A large part of the permanent structures - built before the Olympics - is now in disuse and abandonment.

The structures themselves had a very short useful life if compared to the huge sums of money used for their construction. They were inaugurated in 2005 to host the Sport Events, an outstanding event organised to test and manage the facilities, the public and the security. The facilities located in Upper Susa Valley and Pinerolo, hosted the competitions at national and international level, such as World events and stages of the World Cup until 2010-2012 for some of them.

After this period, almost the whole of the works has fallen into disuse for several reasons. Firstly, because within the Valley there isn't a strong culture in respect of those disciplines, such as ski jumping, bobsled and skeleton, for this reason the FISI (Federazione Italiana Sport Invernali) has preferred, for economic reasons, given the abundance of athletes of North-East of Italy, to use the training and race facilities outside the Italian territory. This situation combined with the closed-stop mentality of local authorities toward any kind of initiative intended to provide to renew of the tourism in the Valley, characterized by the overabundance of holiday homes. Here, the owners are demonstrating an attitude reluctant to novelties, which has made the initiatives proposed by local schools such as the "school project"1, in order to involve the local populations in these disciplines, to ensure a greater involvement and therefore the desire to preserve those sports within the Valley. Another main reason was the construction of some structures, such as the Bardonecchia halfpipe, which has been used for numerous events after the Winter Olympics, but due to changes of measurement at the international level, it has no longer been used for any type of event.

Within my personal investigation, I have carried out a research study into on the Modern Architecture in the Upper Valley, in parallel with the development of Alpine tourism, from its origins up to the present day. The main purpose was to understand the conditions that led to the crisis in tourism in Susa Valley, and to find some potential solutions to revitalize winter and summer seasons.

I based the research of on the architectures in relation to their role during the Olympics and in the period after 2006:

the Medail Colony in Bardonecchia, which later became the Olympic Village for the athletes engaged in snowboard competitions and the follow-up of journalist and national teams;

the Italsider Colony in Sansicario Alto, in the municipality of Cesana Torinese, transformed in the Olympic Centre to the designated event, which hosted the athletes involved in biathlon competitions.

These are the only two buildings in the Modern Architecture scenes within the Valley that were subjected to alterations to make them accessible and functional in view of the Olympic Winter Games.. They also have a common root: both the two buildings were born as mountain colony, therefore two functionalist buildings whose the ground level was built to accommodate a large number of users, and so very flexible and closely linked to the outdoor area. All of this has been designed to accommodate several activities related to the game and the life inside the colony.

Relatori: Gustavo Ambrosini, Mauro Berta, Michele Bonino, Zhang Li, Liu Jian
Soggetti: A Architettura > AF Edifici e attrezzature per il tempo libero, le attività sociali, lo sport
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta'
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/6029
Capitoli:

INDEX

The tourism and the Susa Valley

1.1_From the birth to the First World War

1.2_The second phase

1.3_Mass tourism generation

1.4_The third phase

1.5_The stagnation phase

1.6_The last decade

The Olympic regeneration and the Susa Valley

2.1_Modern Architecture signs in Hign Susa Valley

2.2_The mountain colonies

2.2.2_The evolution

2.2.3_The features

2.3_Bardonecchia: a colony as the Olympic Village

2.3.1_The Medail colony

2.3.2_The Olympic Village

2.3.3_The Hotel Olympic Village

2.4_Sansicario: the colony for the athletes

2.4.1_The Italsider colony

2.4.2_The Olympic Centre

2.4.3_The Hotel Olympic Centre

2.5_The comparison between the buildings?

Joint studio 2016, Winter Olympic reuse: bob with Sofia Carpinteri & Andrea Petrigna

3.1 .Preface

3.2_Regional system

3.3_Territorial system

3.4_Existing tracks

3.5_About the sports

3.6_Cesana Pariol

3.7_Cameras and media

Cesana Pariol track 2.0: sport & leasure venue

4.1_The concept

4.2_Mantaining bob track

4.3_Masterplan

4.4_The low area

4.4.1_The arrival

4.4.2_The kids start

4.5_The high area

4.5.1_The tourist start

4.5.2_C5-C6-C7

4.5.3_The practice start

4.6_Detail

Bibliografia:

BIBLIOGRAFIA

Cereghini M., Costruire in montagna: architettura e storia, Milano, Edizioni del Milione, 1956

Pedio R., "Colonia-scuola dell'ltalsider, a Cesana Torinese, in "L'architettura cronache e storia, a.lX, n.91, maggio 1963

Severino R., Equipotential space: freedom in achitecture, New York, Praeger Publishers, 1970

Cerri M.G., Un'impresa per il recupero architettonico: l'impresa Guerrini 1973-1985, Torino, Allemandi, 1989

La candidatura italiana ai XX giochi olimpici invernali, Roma, Coni, 1999 Torino 2006 candidate city, Torino, Associazione Torino 2006, 1999

Bolzoni L., Architettura moderna nelle Alpi italiane: dal 1900 fino alla fine degli anni Cinquanta, Pavone Canavese, Priuli e Verlucca, 2000

Bolzoni L., Architettura moderna nelle Alpi italiane: dagli anni Sessanta alla fine del XX secolo, Pavone Canavese, Priuli e Verlucca, 2001

Battilani P, Vacanze di pochi vacanze di tutti: l'evoluzione del turismo eutopeo,Bologna, Il Mulino, 2001

Bartaletti E, Geografia e cultura delle alpi, Milano, F.Angeli, 2004

Bassetti C., Turismo a passo d'uomo per imparare, proteggere, vivere, Bollettino SAT, 2004

Zanzi L., Le alpi nell'era del turismo" in Storia delle alpi, Zurigo, Edition Chronos, 2004 pp.61-83

Mucelli E., Colonie di vacanza italiane degli anni '30: architetture per l'educazione del corpo e dello spirito, Firenze, Alinea, 2009

Culicchia G., Torino è casa nostra, Roma, Laterza, 2015

De Rossi A., Architettura alpina moderna in Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta, Torino, Umberto Allemandi & C., 2015

SITOGRAFIA

http://www.studioas.it/#lcolonia-medail/k1y5u

http://areeweb.polito.it/ricerca/IAM/turismomassa/colonia-italsider/

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Sicario

https://it.wikipedia.0rg/wiki/St0ria_dell0_sci#St0ria_m0derna_dell0_sci

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sestriere

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/XX_Giochi_olimpici_invernali

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