Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Biondi, Elena

Quando l'architettura nasce da una goccia d'acqua. Le strutture Blob.

Rel. Stefano Invernizzi, Maurizio Lucat. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea in Architettura, 2006

Abstract:
Relatori: Stefano Invernizzi, Maurizio Lucat
Soggetti: A Architettura > AO Progettazione
T Tecnica e tecnologia delle costruzioni > TE Tecnologia dei materiali
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea in Architettura
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/5653
Capitoli:

Prefazione - Preface

Sommario - Summary

Indice - Contents

Capitolo 1 - Chapter 1

Natura come modello e mentore

Nature as model and mentor

1.1 Introduzione - Introduction

1.1.1 Biomimetica- Biomimetic

1.1.2 Biomorfismo- Biomorphism

1.1.3 Zoomorfismo - Zoomorphism

1.2 Strutture naturali - Natural structures

1.2.1 Cellule - Cells

1.2.2 Alberi e foglie - Trees and leaves

1.2.3 Tele di ragno - Cobwebs

1.2.4 Conchiglie - Shells

1.2.5 Esoscheletro ed endoscheletro - Exoskeleton & endoskeleton

1.2.6 Ossa, muscoli, tendini - Bones, muscles and tendons

1.2.7 Bolle- Bubbles

1.2.8 Gocce - Globs

1.3 Proprietà naturali - Natural properties

1.3.1 Multifunzionalità - Multifunctionality

1.3.2 Gerarchia - Hierarchy

1.3.3 Autoriparazione - Self-reparation

1,3,4 Crescita adattativa - Adaptative-growth

1.3.5 Ottimizzazione strutturale - Structural optimization

1.3.6 Tensegity - Tensegrity

1.4 Conclusione - Conclusion

Capitolo 2 - Chapter 2

Cronologia dell'analogia biologica e della forma non lineare

Chronology of biological analogy and non-linear form

2.1 Introduzione - Introduction

2.2 Le origini dell'analogia biologica - The origins of the biological analogy

2.3 Art Nouveau - Art Nouveau

2.4 Tour Eiffel (1889) e Ponte di Firth of Fort (Baker) -Tour Eiffel (1889) and Firth of Fort Bridge (Baker)

2.5 Innovatori - Innovators

2.5.1 Antoni Gaudì (1852 - 1926) - Antoni Gaudi (1852 -- 1926)

2.5.2 Biologie und Bauen (1960) e Frei Otto -Biologie und Bauen (1960) and Frei Otto

2.5.3 Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983) -Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983)

2.6 Architettura organica - Organic Architecture

2.7 Conclusione - Conclusion

Capitolo 3 - Chapter 3

Nuovi approcci progettuali

New design approaches

3.1 Introduzione - Introduction

3.1,1 Forme espressive moderniste- Expressive modernist forms

3.1.2 Pelle e ossa indipendenti - Detached skin bones

3.2 Generazione di forme - Generation of forms

3.2.1 Scienza, funzione, metafora e caso -Science, function, metaphor and accident

3.2.2 La forma scoperta - Form finding

3.2.3 Flessibilità - Flexibility

3.2.4 Superficie minima - Minimal surface

3.4 Spazio organico - Organic space

3.5 Verso architetture rispettose della natura - Toward nature respectful architectures

3.6 Santiago Calatrava: architetture in movimento - Santiago Calatrava: self-moved architectures

3.7 Nicholas Grimshaw - Nicholas Grimshaw

3,8 PTW Architetti e Ove Arup - PTW Architects and Ove Arup

3.9 Herzog & De Meuron - Herzog & De Meuron

3.10 Da virtuale a reale - From virtual to real

3.11 La teoria del caos - Chaos theory

3.11.1 Teoria dello sciame - Swarm theory

3.12 Desiderio di liberazione - Desire for liberation

3.13 Modellazione paramentrica - Parametric modelling

3.13.1 Modellazione computerizzata - Computer aided modelling

3.14 Frank O. Gehry and Arup - Frank O. Gehry and Arup

3.15 Massimiliano Fuksas - Massimiliano Fuksas

3.16 Ambiente reattivo - Responsive environment

3.17 Kas Oosterhuis - Kas Oosterhuis

3.18 Gregg Lynn: architettura a forma d'onda -Gregg Lynn: waveform architecture

3.19 Marcos Novak: "rivoluzione informatica" - Marcos Novak: "informatic revolution"

3.20 Conclusione - Conclusion

Capitolo 4 - Chapter 4

Blob: acquisire i fondamenti

Blob: to learn the basics

4.1 Introduzione - Introduction

4.2 Chi - Who

4.3 Cosa - What

4.3.1 Superfici a doppia curvatura - Double curved surfaces

4.3.2 Geometria - Geometry

4.3.3 Topologia - Topology

4.4 Dove - Where

4.5 Quando - When

4.5.1 Precedenti storici - Historical background

4.6 Come - How

4.6.1 Progettazione parametrica - Parametric architecture

4.6.2 Architettura animata - Animate architecture

4.6.3 Architettura metamorfica - Metamorphic architecture

4.6.4 Architettura isomorfica - Isomorphic architecture

4.6.5 Architettura evolutiva - Evolutionary architecture

4.6.6 Form-finding - Form-finding

4.7 Perchè - Why

4.8 Conclusione Conclusion

Capitolo 5 - Chapter 5

Come un Blob: modello e struttura

How a Blob: shaping and framing

5.1 Introduzione - Introduction

5.2 Fase preliminare - Early stage

5.3 Disegno fluido - Fluid Design

5.3.1 Tecniche di modellazione CAD - CAD modelling techniques

5.4 Progetto e analisi - Design and analysis

5.4.1 Forma libera e struttura - Free form and structure

5.5 Generazione delle forme strutturali - Generation of structural forms

5.5.1 Ossatura - struttura - Frame - structure

5.5.2 Superficie - guscio - Shell-like surface

5.5.2-1 Come gusci - Like shell

5.5.3 Superficie - bolla - Bubble - surface

5.5.3-1 Come bolle - Like bubbles

5.5.4 Gusci monolitici e cassaforma pneumatica - Monolithic shells & pneumatic formwork

5.5.5 Pannelli sandwich GRP - GRP sandwich panes

5.5.6 Pannelli trasparente vs. opaco - Glassy panes vs. opaque

5.6 Produzione: vincoli tecnologici - Production: manufacturing constrains

5.7 Futuri sviluppi - Future focuses

5.7.1 Personalizzazione vs. standardizzazione - Customized vs. standardized

5.8 Conclusione - Conclusion

Capitolo 6 - Chapter 6

Caso studio: materializzazione di un Blob Case study: materialising Blob

6.1 Introduzione - Introduction

6.2 Caso studio - Case study

6.2.1 Ideazione della forma - Form conception

6.2.2 Dalla goccia - From the drop

6.3 Struttura - Structure

6.4 Tecnologia - Technology

6.5 Analisi statica - Static analysis

6.6 Conclusione - Conclusion

Capitolo 7 - Chapter 7

Caso studio: materializzazione di un Blob Case study: materialising Blob

7.1 Introduzione - Introduction

7.2 Percorso dello studio - Outiline ofthe study

7.3 Modellazione paramentrica - Parametric modelling

7.3.1 Modellazione 3DStudioMax - 3DStudioMax modelling

7.3.2 AutoCAD come interfaccia - AutoCAD as interface

7.4 Modello in DIANA - Model by DIANA

7.5 Ipotesi 1: struttura guscio - Option 1: shell structure

7.6 Ipotesi 2: struttura a ossatura - Option 2: rib structure

7.7 Conclusione - Conclusion

Appendici - Appendices

A Analisi FEM - FEM analysis

B Metodo FEM in DIANA - FEM method in DIANA

Bibliografia - Bibliography

I Libri, riviste, articoli, appunti di conferenze - Books, magazines, features, lecture notes

II Siti internet - Web-sites

III Persone – People

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