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Brusa, Elisa

ReSTART : from typology to contemporary design.

Rel. Christian Rapp, Silvia Malcovati. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile, 2016



The purpose of this research is to investigate the meaning of the concept of Type in the field of architectural theory and to experiment it in a contemporary design project. Even though the use of the term type by architectural theorists is a relatively recent phenomenon, which can be traced back to Quatremère de Quincy in the early nineteenth century, the idea of Type, as opposed to the explicit use of this term by theorists, has pervaded much of architectural theory ever since Vitruvius. In fact, many theorists have been concerned with issues which convey a notion of Type, like the origins of architectural form, the systematization of architectural knowledge and the understanding of the process of creativity. A basic premise of this work is that to understand the true significance of the idea of Type in architecture, it is necessary to overcome certain traditional views that have associated Type with the work of specific authors at a given time like, for example, Quatremère de Quincy and Semper in the nineteenth century, or Rossi in the twentieth. Only a comprehensive study of the most relevant ideas formulated in the field of architectural theory can reveal the essential meaning, or meanings, of Type.

In recent times, the term type has been used by architectural writers as synonymous with typology. Unfortunately, establishing this identity between type and typology has served to undermine some of the essential meanings conveyed by Type. In the overall context of the architectural tradition, the idea of Type has much deeper implications than those that are confined to the classification and study of building forms. Type embraces transcendental issues of aesthetic, epistemological and metaphysical character; issues that have to do with the most generic problem of Form. Certainly, the essential meaning of Type is intimately related with the more transcendental problem of Form.

Here is analyzed the typology of the Palazzo. Investigating plan, section and prospect the tools and the rules of this amazing residential typology.

Using tools as starting point the project will use these and try to create a contemporary palazzo changed in some points.

All the design process is also strictly linked to the founding in the underground level of my area. The attitude to this is a "propelling attitude" as Aldo Rossi said in the "Architecture of the city" "the dynamic process of the city tends more to evolution than preservation, and that in evolution monuments are not only preserved but continuously presented as propelling elements of development.".

Relatori: Christian Rapp, Silvia Malcovati
Soggetti: ST Storia > STN Storia
U Urbanistica > UK Pianificazione urbana
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/4939



1.1.Le Città di Roma

1.2.Theoretical framework

2.Development of the study area


2.2.Development of Via Giulia

2.3.The site


3.Typo-morphological study


3.2.Italian debate on typology

3.3.Palazzo type

3.4.Palazzo and urban settlement

3.5.The "poché"

3.6.Palazzo plan

3.7.Palazzo section and façade

3.8.Conclusion and project tools

4.Design process







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