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Anvari, Elnaz

Energy for life : the sustainable design project conversion powerplant in Alessandria.

Rel. Mario Grosso, Marianna Nigra. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile, 2016

Abstract:

ABSTRACT

How to produce food in places where industries have taken up spaces to cultivate? The growing occupation of agricultural land by industrial and civil buildings is considerably reducing the availability of arable land. This highlights the need for new solutions to intensive agriculture with low environmental impact. Research and testing of new production processes that preserve the quality of products and at the same time do not cause environmental damage. Renovation of the center and conversion into sustainable structure, can be obtained through the use of renewable energy and improvement of energy efficiency.

Enel power plant is situated in the municipality of Alessandria and the site of the power plant is surrounded by farmland. This area is active in the agricultural sector amounting to 22.3%. The project aims to transform the site into an Agricultural Scientific Research Center (mainly devoted to the creation of a seed bank, where you can select and preserve native seeds of valuable plant species) the production of local varieties and consumption at zero km of local products. The site is therefore divided into three principal functions: south and west placed spaces for the research / reporting of the agricultural center activities (including laboratories, offices, greenhouse-vertical farm), the center is dedicated to the exhibition and auditorium, while, north of the site, are settled spaces for catering and market, dedicated to the sale and consumption of local products, the products which are cultivated there, and the residence for the researchers.

My goal for the design of this project was to create a structure that would give back to the community while also blending into surrounding landscape. Its roof functions as an archaeological park with topography that becomes both a resting and active place (green roof agriculture), where the site does not require a high clearance, the roof selectively lowers, which allows connection to the roof from the pedestrian promenade.

The project integrates some interesting existing structures, a site industrial identity memory (including ex-tanks, the former hot water treatment, and a gas turbine). One of the ex-tanks are transformed to a vertical farming greenhouse. The basic idea of cultivation system is to grow vegetables in pots. The pots are then put into trays, which are transported around the growing helix where the cultivation takes place.

Reliable and validated software like Rhinoceros 5, Diva for Rhino, and Ecotect, CPCalc have been used to produce different analysis and studies to obtain verifiable results to identify locations with solar energy conversion potential or areas in need of shading due to excessive solar exposure.

Relatori: Mario Grosso, Marianna Nigra
Soggetti: S Scienze e Scienze Applicate > SE Ecologia
S Scienze e Scienze Applicate > SH Fisica tecnica
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/4781
Capitoli:

Abstract

Introduction

1.Approach of Bioclimatic Architecture

1.1.Bioclimatic origins

Bioclimatic approach to the design - Bioclimate architecture

Bioclimatic design in construction scale

1.2.Passive solar project

Passive heating

Direct gain

Indirect gain

Accululation system

Wall water

Roof Pond

Shaders

1.3.Passive cooling- natural ventilation

Solar chimney

Fresh air tanks

Wind towers

Pressure effect

Underground duct

Shading by blinds and curtains

2.Site Analisis

2.1.Overview of the project area

2.2.Brief history of the power plant

2.3.The Infrastructures of the territory

2.4.Site accessibility and proximity to major urban centres

2.5.The excellences of the territory and the product on system

2.6.The site of the power plant in relation to the PTP.

2.7.The site of the power plant relation to the P.R.G.C.

2.8.Geomorphological risk

2.9.locals on of buildings and facilities

2.10.Powerplant and Territory

2.11.Cadastral identification, building areas and location of building and facilities

2.12.Photographs of the project area

3.Environment and climate analiysis

Sun path of turin

Optimal orientation

Climate summary

Mounthly duirnal average

Weekly summary average temprature

Wind analysis

4.POWER PLANTS

4.1.The stories and examples of thermal power plants and industrial plants

4.2.Battersea, from old plant to new posh London neighbourhood

4.3.Infotainment paces from treatment silos, Amsterdam's lesson

4.4.Battersea, from old plant to new posh London neighbourhood

4.5.At the Dutch amusement park, the entertainment will come from the win

4.6.The Landschaftspark lesson: reusing the past, without renouncing it

4.7.The Landschaftspark lesson: reusing the past, without renouncing it

4.8.The Tejo plant in Lisbon, electricity and Portuguese history museum

4.9.Thanks to the Santa Radegonda plant, Milan got to know electricity ).

4.10.Shanghai's Power station of Art in, the energy of Chinese art

5.Building as a landscape

5.1.Zentrum paul klee, Renzo Piano

5.2.The rolex learning center, SANAA

5.3.Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall, Emilio Ambasz

5.4.Schlumberger research Laboraties, Emilio Ambsz

6.Vertical farming

6.1.Advantages of the vertical farm

6.2,Parmacultura

6.3.Examples of vertical farming

7.Green wall

7.1.Supporting structure

7.2.cultivation Substrate

7.3.Irrigation and fertilization

8.Project

8.1.Concept

8.2.Specefic objective

8.3.Enetering the site ( masetrplan)

8.4.Functionam program of project

9.Preliminary project.

9.1.Plans

9.2.Sections

9.3.Rendering 3D

9.4.Construction Project Detail

10.Verification and Conclusion

10.1.Calculation of casing thermophysical characteristics (thermal transmittance, periodic rmal transmittance, heat capacity per unit area).

10.2.Calculation of air flow by controlled natural ventilation and passive cooling for IAQ, d and in sample areas.

10.3.Mechanical controlled ventilation of vertical greenhouse

11.Discussion

12.Conclusion

Bibliografia:

ASSENTE

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