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Carota, Francesco and Marchisio , Giulia and Miraval, Ludovica

Projects for the renovation and reuse of Panjiayuan market, Beijing (group B).

Rel. Gustavo Ambrosini, Mauro Berta, Michele Bonino, Pierre Alain Croset, Liu Jian, Li Zhang. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta', Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il restauro e valorizzazione del patrimonio, 2014

Abstract:

This report is the final product of the Joint Studio Polito-Tsinghua 2014 edition.

The Joint Studio is an academic partnership between two schools of Architecture: the Tsinghua University of Beijing and the Politecnico of Turin. It was initiated on 2008 and it is now in its fourth year.

After having worked in the first edition on the theme of the reuse of structures and systems created for 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The Joint Studio has subsequently addressed the issue of urban regeneration to the presence of large Brownfield sites.

The focus of this year’s work has been the transformation of the Panjiayuan Antique Market, one of the largest and most famous antique and handicraft markets in China. Situated in Chaoyang District in a south-east area of Beijing, between the 2nd and the 3rd Ring Road, it occupies an area of 300,000 mq. Founded in 1992 the market has registered a continuous annual growth in both the number of visitors and consequently revenue, tourism has been a major catalyst in this increase. This increase has led to a demand for an extensive transformation of the site and its functions.

The challenge of the 2014 Joint Studio has been to draw up a project for the market transformation: the outcome of the project should ensure functionality inside commercial implantations, highlighting its improved architectural image. Vital to the success of the project is preservation of the distinctive atmosphere that is character of the site. The market is distinguished for its variety of people and goods that originate from all areas of the country, making this a unique place within the city landscape. In the marketplace the tradition and complexity of Chinese antique handicraft are well represented. Here trading activities coexist with cultural instances allowing both sellers and collectors to play an active role in market’s life.

The Panjiayuan’s renovation and related themes gave the opportunity to approach issues that are fundamental in the architectural debate in China. Due its formidable economic growth, cities are changing with an unseen celerity and it is consequently now becoming day by day a privileged stage for contemporary architecture.

A key element of the new market design is the challenge to combine contemporary issues with the preservation of its historical culture and social atmosphere.

The instrumental purpose of the transformation of the area is to maintain the atmosphere of the place and not to be ruled by the material structure that does not have significant architectural value.

In the new edifice all the market’s activities need to be organised, creating an imposed circulation for different functions involving people, goods and vehicles, while allowing space for spontaneous activity.

The proposal is for a creation of a building on a enormous scale, that includes the functional, spatial and distributive complexity of a part of a city, something similar to a “megastructure”. In this way all the programs and a mixture of different functions are incorporated in a single container with space organised on a human scale. The goal of the project is to create a high density building that at the same time exploits the volumetric availability of the area and leaves public space around it to encourage free flow of people.

The architecture of the building is to depict a modern outlook while using traditional attitudes, methods and design to recreate its spaces, structure, image and ethos.

For this reason, the design of the building is composed through the use of market courtyards. Within these courtyards there will be an organised distribution of antique style houses. These will be of wooden structure, using construction methods of ancient temples while also displaying coloured tiles and facades similar to the most significant building in China.

Finally, the project meets requirements of a very complex program working on the organization of different selling typologies that characterised the market and their relation with the different use of space, perceived as void within the big structure.

Relatori: Gustavo Ambrosini, Mauro Berta, Michele Bonino, Pierre Alain Croset, Liu Jian, Li Zhang
Soggetti: A Architettura > AF Edifici e attrezzature per il tempo libero, le attività sociali, lo sport
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura costruzione citta', Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il restauro e valorizzazione del patrimonio
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/3801
Capitoli:

introduction

evolution of the project

panjayuan market: analysis of the project

CIRCULATION

outdoor circulation

car circulation

bicycle and tricycle circulation

pedestrian circulation

indoor circulation

car circulation

ricycle circulation

pedestrian circulation

DENSITY

relation between the neighborhoods and the new proposal

strategy

density to create public space

density to mix function and people

density level to level

TYPOLOGY

market typologies

hall

flea market

temporary market

middle level

shops high

level shops

CULTURE

spontaneity

sociability

culture

deepening

THE SELLING TYPOLOGY

conclusion

bibliography

Bibliografia:

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Augè M., Nonluoghi. Introduzione a una antropologia della surmodernità, Elèuthera, Milano, 1996

Bradford R. Houston, B.A., M. Phil, The marketplace as vehicle for a social and economic revitalization: a new market hall for Lagrange, Georgia, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, 2006

Caccia S., Restoration in a few words: methodology and techniques, Hua Zhong University of Science & Tecnology Press, 2013 Calvino I., Le città invisibili, Oscar Mondadori, Milano, 2011

Cheng V., “Understanding Density and High Density’’. In: NG, Designing High-Density Cities For Social and Environmental Sustainability,

Routledge, London, pp. 3-17, 2009

Ferrari B., Public space in Beijing, USUM Summer school, Lugano, 2010 Hars A., Survive the future: a lesson on megastructures with Glen Small, 2014

Koolhaas R., Junkspace. Per un ripensamento radicale dello spazio urbano, a cura di G. Mastrigli, Quodlibet, Macerata, 2006

Koolhaas R., S, M, L, XL: Small, Medium, Large, Extra-Large, Monacelli Press, New York, 2006

NG E., Designing High-Density Cities: For Social and Environmental Sustainability, Routledge, London, 2009

Periini G., I giardini cinesi dei letterati di Suzhou, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, 2013

Soundy M. A., The Public Market as a Vehicle for Urban Revitalization: A New Building for Central Market, Guatemala City

SITOGRAPHY

http://camposcosta.com/en/

PROJECT REFERENCES

Alini L., Kengo Kuma : opere e progetti, Electa, Milano, 2005

Banham R., Le tentazioni dell’architettura. Megastrutture, Laterza, Bari, 1980

Feld G.; Smithson P., Free University Berlin : Candilis, Josic, Woods, Schiedhelm, Architectural Association, London, 1999

Fiorentini P., Herman Hertzberger: spazi a misura d’uomo, Testo & Immagine, Torino, 2002

Koolhaas R., Delirious New York. Un manifesto retroattivo per Manhattan, a cura di M. Biraghi, Electa, Milano 2001

Koolhaas R., Junkspace. Per un ripensamento radicale dello spazio urbano, a cura di G. Mastrigli, Quodlibet, Macerata, 2006

Koolhaas R., S, M, L, XL: Small, Medium, Large, Extra-Large, Monacelli Press, New York, 2006

Kuma K., Kengo Kuma : materials, structures, details, Birkhàuser, 2004

Piano R., Giornale di bordo, Electa, Milano , 2005

Rossi A., L’architettura della città, Quodlibet, Macerata, 2011

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