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Huang , Yihui

The Gulou Rehabilitation Project,Beijing.

Rel. Alessandro Fubini, Angioletta Voghera. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile, 2014

Abstract:

Over the past decade, rapid developmenthas lead to a remarkable improvement in thè quality of life for many citizens. At thè same time, however, much of thè historic urban fabric of thè capital has been lost. Major roads now bisect ancient neighborhoods, whilst in many areas, recent redevelopment has wiped out thè subtle architectural texture and spatial arrangement of thè preceding centuries. The atmospheric Hutong lanes, thè traditional residential homes, and thè Si-He-Yuan courtyard houses - all are fast disappearing as thè city races forwards into thè 21 st century. In recent years, thè government has placed a number of Hutong lanes under protection, but what exactly this protection means is not clear. Many Beijing people are now concerned that, at thè current rate, redevelopment will soon engulf and destroy thè ancient courtyard houses forever.

Many cities worldwide have found that rehabilitation, rather than renewal of historic urban districts brings considerable benefìts. This plan sets out to demonstrate that rehabilitation is also suitable for Beijing. This thesis is trying to do an exploratory attempt of using Europe experience (focus on Italy example) on historic Beijing Hutong neighborhood. The opinions of residents have been carefully researched and integrated into thè plan. Morphology analysis will be considered in order to respectful with thè pre-existing historical values. Some of thè solutions proposed are self-contained, and could be used for thè rehabilitation of individual courtyard houses. In order to preserve thè character of a historic Beijing neighborhood, however, a larger cluster of Hutong neighborhoods must be targeted. This must be done with considerable urgency before thè incursion of more major roads destroys thè Hutongs’ original urban context. The value of thè Hutong lies in thè spatial arrangement as much or more than in thè architecture of thè individual courtyard house. Therefore, concerned parties must be very clear from thè outset about which remaining quarters of historic Beijing they intend to preserve.

Beijing is one of thè world’s most important historical cities, with a unique ambience balancing ancient and modem. Having reached this point of balance, Beijing planners must surely pause for thought. It would indeed be a great loss if this ancient capital were to become just another face-less mega-city.

Relatori: Alessandro Fubini, Angioletta Voghera
Soggetti: A Architettura > AG Edifici e attrezzature per la sanità e l'assistenza
A Architettura > AO Progettazione
G Geografia, Antropologia e Luoghi geografici > GD Estero
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea magistrale in Architettura per il progetto sostenibile
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/3509
Capitoli:

Chapter 1-HISTORIC BACKGROUND

1.1. Historic development of Beijing

1.1.1 History

1.1.2. Urban structure development

1.1.3. The central axis of Beijing

1.2. Evolvement of Beijing construction since 1949

1.2.1. Power structure

1.2.2. Economic

1.2.3. Population

1.2.3. development of thè urban planning

1.3. Present state of thè inner city

1.3.1. dangers to thè old city

1.3.2. Present condition of remaining historical buildingst

1.3.3. Management of thè Old City

Chapter 2-GULOU-GENERAL INTRODUCTION AND PRIMEVAL ANALYSIS OF GULOU AREA

2.1. General introduction of Zhong- Gulou(or Gulou for short)

2.2. Social environment survey

2.2.1. .Occupancy and ownership

2.2.2. Understanding thè Hutong community

2.2.3. Residents' opinions regarding conservation and tourism

2.3. Physical environment survey

2.3.1. Condition

2.3.2. Infrastructure and facilities

2.3. Pilot project site analysis

2.3.1 .Hutong system analysis

2.3.2. Urban fabric analysis

2.3.3. Function analysis

2.3.4. Extension and existing trees

2.4. Data and Requirements of gulou area

2.5. Conclusion

Chapter 3-REHABILITATION PROJECT CASES STUDY

3.1. Inner city housing renewal pattern

3.2. Juer Hutong

3.3. Nan chi zi project:

3.4. Palermo project

3.5. Comparative study and conclusion

Chapter 4-SPECIFICALLY RESEARCH OF GULOU AREA

4.1. Historic background study of Gulou area

4.1.1. The construction and maintanace prosedure

4.1.2 Historic overwiew

4.2. Urban morphology study and analysis

4.2.1. Urban fabric at tour city levels

4.2.2. Typology of courtyard house (Siheyuan) and Hutong

4.2.3. Typology of courtyard house (Siheyuan)

4.2.4. Typology of Hutong

4.3. Morphology analysis of Gulou area

4.3.1. Urban fabric-Correlationship between longituadinal s and latitiudinal direction

4.3.2. Typology of Courtyard and Hutong study in Gulou area

4.4. Comparison between historic map and current map

4.5. Conclusion

Chapter 5-THE PROJECT

5.1. General objective and guideline

5.1.1. General Rehabilitation guideline for historic residential area in Beijing

5.2. Methology

5.2.1. Whether to demolish or not?

5.2.2. Courtyard re-compound case study

5.3. Planning process

Phase 1. Elaboration

Phase 2. Subtraction-demolition

Phase 3. Addition-New constructions

5.4. Brief on thè Gulou rehabilitation project

5.5. conclusion

Reference

Bibliografia:

1. Xin Bao newspaper and research by thè archaeologist Xu Pingfang

2. HOUSING A BILLION Volume 3: ‘HOUSING RENEWAL IN BEIJING - OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS’ by Zheng Lian

3. "An intergrated Urban Design Approach to Protecting thè Old City of Beijing", by Bian Lanchun

4. Jia Yanfei. The Study on Main Issues of Chinese and Itaiian Historic Centers’ Conservation Based on A Comparative

Perspective. Ph.D thesis, Dottorato di Ricerca in “Ambiente e Territorio" (XXVI Ciclo), Politecnico di Torino.2014.

5. "General planning of Beijing" (2004-2020)

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8. "Conservation pian for thè historic city of beijing and imperiai city of beijing" , Edit by Beijing Municipal City Planning Commission

9. "Beijing Quadrangle", By Jia Jun

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14. "Beijing Hutong Conservation Piaeijing City Mailding Institute & Beijing City Culture ReliCenter Beijing Yan Shan Publishing house

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lou reZhuangzhuang

19. "Zhong-Gu lou" By Wang Jng thè Spirit of Hutong:A Case Study of Nanchizi Precinct, Beijinian

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