Politecnico di Torino (logo)

Oberto, Paola

Light development in Strijp-s. Masterplan for the former Philips industrial plants in Eindhoven (NL).

Rel. Matteo Robiglio, Stefano Paolo Corgnati. Politecnico di Torino, Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura (costruzione), 2012

Abstract:

This thesis has been carried out in three steps. The first one consisted in the collection of documents and information regarding the history of Eindhoven and the development of Philips & Co. in the city, with a particular focus on the project area, Strijp-s. Starting from the critical issues of the masterplan West 8 for that area, an alternative masterplan was developed.

The following step was deeply connected with the necessity of finding architectural and technological solutions concerning the materials involved. To achieve this goal the inspiration carne from biomimicry. An important part of the research was thus focused on the field of biomimicry, investigating the relationship between the vegetal and animal world and the solutions in the field of architecture which imitate natural mechanisms. The research led to the discovery of new innovative materials and the possibility of combining them with more traditional solutions. The element which inspired the future image of the architectures in the project was the cocoon and its thermoregulatory envelope. The material which imitates its properties at best is ETFE.

The final step regarded the architectural design and the construction System for both new and existing buildings in the area. In this last part, the sustainable aspect of the project is emphasized by reporting the calculations related to the energy certification, the heat pumps, the pv panels, the solar panels, the mechanical ventilation and the rainfall collection, all elements involved in the design.

Relatori: Matteo Robiglio, Stefano Paolo Corgnati
Soggetti: A Architettura > AQ Spazi funzionali dell'abitazione
R Restauro > RC Restauro urbano
Corso di laurea: Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura (costruzione)
URI: http://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/id/eprint/2704
Capitoli:

Introduction

Part 1

1.1 Eindhoven and Philips

1.1.1 Eindhoven, a city born from the union of six villages

1.1.2 Philips in Eindhoven: development of a city around the industry

1.2 Strijp-S: The Project Area

1.2.1 Masterplan West 8

1.2.2 Critical issues of the masterplan West 8

1.2.3 Strijp-s: a new proposal for the redevelopment

PART 2

2.1 Biomimicry and Technology: Materials

2.1.1 What is biomimicry?

2.1.2 Structures of the natural world as a model for materials

2.1.3 Smart materials: adaptation of materials to external conditions .

2.1.4 Lightness and innovation: membranes and textile architecture

2.2 Natural Envelope

2.2.1 Interaction between organisms and their environment

2.2.1.1 The shape

2.2.1.2 The membrane

2.2.1.3 The regulation of material and immaterial flows

2.2.2 The envelope in nature: a natural filter

2.3 Biomimicry and Construction Materials in the Building Envelope

2.3.1 Analogy nature-architecture: the 'skin' of buildings

2.3.2 Inspiration from the animal world - examples

2.3.3 Inspiration from the vegetal world - examples

2.4 Biomimicry and Technology: ETFE

2.4.1 The world of insects as model: the cocoon and the metamorphosis

2.4.2 The artificial envelope: ETFE

2.4.2.1 History and development of the material

2.4.2.2 Characteristics of the material

2.4.2.3 Technical solutions with ETFE

2.4.2.4 Applications of ETFE: examples

PART3

3.1 The Architectural Design and the use of ETFE

3.1.1 New construction and renovation of existing buildings

3.1.1.1 Architectural solutions for the new residential buildings

3.1.1.2 Architectural solutions for the existing buildings

3.2 The Energy Strategy

3.2.1 Energy strategy in the new buildings

3.2.2 Energy strategy in the existing buildings

Conclusions

Part 1 - Bibliography

Part 2 - Bibliography

Sources of images

Bibliografia:

Parte 1 - Bibliography

- Arts, H. et al. DirectView : management support System for the Strìjp-S planning, Eindhoven , TU Eindhoven, Stan Ackermans Instituut, Architectural design management systems, 2005

- Beekman, P.C Eindhoven : stadsontwikkeling 1900-1960, Mierlo, Beekman, 1982

- Bosma, K. J.M. de Casseres : de eerste planoloog, Rotterdam, Uitgeverij 010,2003

- Bosma, K. Hellinga, H. Mastering the city: North-European city planning 1900-2000, Rotterdam, NAi Uitgevers, 1997

- Bosman, J. Doevendans, C. Cityplan Eindhoven (1967-1970) : het modernste ontwerp voor de stad, Zutphen, Walburg Pers, 2007

- Donkers, C. Smalle Haven Eindhoven 2005-2010, Eindhoven, Gemeente Eindhoven, 2010

- Lammers, J. Dings, M.A new life for Strijp-s, Eindhoven, Uitgeverij PerSe, 2009

- Rutgers, R. Custer,L. Historisch morfologische atlas van Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Gemeente Eindhoven, 2005

Thesis

- Reuser, C. The imperfect body : zorgcentrum voor een gezonde welvaart te Meerhoven, Eindhoven : Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2010

- Van den Berg, R. Strijp-S, playing the game of energy neutral urban redevelopment : the impact of new legislation regarding spatial planning on decisions of stakeholders in energy neutral urban redevelopment processes, Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2011

Websites

http://www.eindhoven.nl

http://www.nl.wikipedia.org

http://www.habiforum.nl

http://www.projectosurbanos.com

http://www.strijp-s.nl

http://www.urban.nl

http://www.west8.nl

Part 2 - Bibliography

- Addington.Michelle. Smart materials and new technologies, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2005

- Benyus, J. Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, New York, William Morrow & Company,

1997

- Beylerian, G.M. Material ConneXion : the global resource of new and innovative materials for architects, artists, and designers, Hoboken, Wiley 2005

- Beylerian, G.M. Ultra materials: how materials innovation is changing the world, New York, Thames & Hudson, 2007

- Brooke, A., Pole, D. Innovation in architecture, London, Spon Press, 2004

- Campioli, A. Architettura tessile : progettare e costruire membrane e scocche, Milano, II Sole 24 Ore, 2009

- Chiesa, G. Biomimetica, tra tecnologia e innovazione per l'architettura, Torino, Celid, 2010

- Fernandez, John. Material architecture: emergent materials for innovative buildings and ecological construction, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2006

- Gruber, P. Biomimetics in architecture: architecture of life and buildings, New York, Springer, 2011

- Kaltenbach, F. Translucent materials: glass, plastics, metals, Basel, Boston, Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2004

- Keuning, D. et al., Skins for buildings: the architect's materials sample book, Amsterdam, BIS

Publishers, 2004

- Kolarevic, B., Klinger, K. Manufacturing material effects: rethinking design and making in architecture, London, Routledge, 2008

- LeCuyer, A. ETTE: technology and design, Basel, Boston, Berlin, Birkhäuser, 2008

- Leydecker, S., Nano materials in architecture, interior architecture and design, Basel, Birkhäuser,

2008

- Lyons, A. Materials for architects and builders, Amsterdam [etc], Elsevier, Butterworth-

Heinemann, 2007

- Mori,T., Immaterial ultramaterial: architecture, design and materials, Cambridge, Harvard College, 2002

- Pohl, G. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings, Oxford, WP, 2010

- Ritter, Axel. Smart materials in architecture, interior architecture and design, Basel, Birkhäuser,

2007

- Sauer, Christiane. Made of: new materials sourcebook for architecture and design, Berlin, Gestalten Verlag, 2010

- Sinopoli, N. Sulle tracce dell'innovazione tra tecniche e architettura, Milano, Angeli, 2002

- Tatano, V. Materiali naturartificiali: tendenze innovative nel progetto di architettura, Roma, I Officina, 2006

- Tatano, V. Oltre la trasparenza: riflessioni sull'impiego del vetro in architettura, Roma, Officina,

2008

- Tucci, F. Involucro ben temperato: efficienza energetica ed ecologica in architettura attraverso la pelle degli edifici: con 50 casi studio, Firenze, Alinea, 2006

- Tucci, F. Tecnologia e natura: gli insegnamenti del mondo naturale per il progetto dell'architettura bioclimatica, Firenze, Alinea, 2008

Thesis

- D'Amico, F. Realizzare edifici efficienti energicamente grazie all'utilizzo del materiale innovativo

IEIFE, Torino, 2011

- Delpiano, G. La pelle: involucro contemporaneo tra sperimentazione formale e innovazione energetico-ambientale, Torino, 2011

Articles

- Kennedy, S. "Material presence: the return of the real", A+t, 2000, n.15, p.18-31

Websites

http://www.archinfo.it

http://www.archisquare.it

http://www.architen.com

http:// www.architettura.it

http://www.architetturatessile.polimi.it

http://www.artebotanica.org

http://www.bioarch.tv

http://www.biology-online.org

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http://www.issuu.com

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http://www.sciencemag.org

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-Cabeza, L., Heinz, A. Inventory of Phase Change Materials (PCM) [online]. IEA Solar Heating and Cooling programme.

Disponibile su: http://www.iea-shc.org/publications/downloads/task32-lnventory_of_PCM.pdf [Data di accesso: 7/10/2011]

- Fiorito, F., Fuzio, G. L'involucro edilizio, evoluzione della progettazione e del processo realizzativo [online]. Bari: Dipartimento di Architettura e Urbanistica, Politecnico di Bari. Disponibile su: http://www.edilportal.com/involucro-edilizio/relazioneFiorito.pdf [Data di accesso: 9/10/2011]

- Pittaluga, M. Sistemi e materiali per la dolcevita in architettura [online]. Cagliari: Dipartimento di Architettura, Università di Cagliari.

Disponibile su: http://www.tecnosofia.org/documenti/Articoli/SessionelI/Pittaluga.pdf [Data di accesso: 9/10/2011]

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